Who doesn’t love pecans? Imagine having your own pecan tree. Growing pecan trees isn’t all that difficult but there are some factors which can cause damage to pecan trees. Being aware of the circumstances an signs of damage can help you care for your pecan tree. Healthy pecan trees mean delicious nuts for years to come.
Some of the more common types of damage faced by pecan trees come from insect, disease and weather conditions. Cultural factors such as the planting site and growing conditions can contribute.
Providing for the needs of your pecan tree is good step toward insuring its continued health. Planting in well-drained soil that is loose will allow proper root development. They need full sun and adequate watering. If these conditions are not provided, the pecan tree can become stressed. Stressed trees are more likely to suffer from disease or insect infestation. They will also have a more difficult time recovering from damage caused by weather.
Pecan trees can suffer a lot of damage from storms. Rain storms with high winds can break limbs and pull trees up from their roots. Strong and pelting rain can cause a pecan tree to lose a large number of leaves which can result in stress for the tree. They can also cause the nuts to fall before they are ripe, ruining this season’s crop. The weight of heavy wet snow or ice can crack branches. If the damage occurs primarily on one side, the tree can become unbalanced. If the imbalance is severe, the weight can topple the tree.
Damage from Freezing Temperatures
Snow and ice are not the only factors to consider. The cold temperatures alone can bring about some pretty devastating damage. Gray-colored spots along the trunk or on limbs that look dried out accompanied by vertical splits in the bark or underlying wood are signs of damage from freezing. When the spring arrives, some limbs may be dead, causing the tree to send up new ground sprouts. The dead limbs sometimes begin to send up new shoots but they often die too. Even the trunk can be affected. When this happens, it is usually the southern or southwestern side of the tree that dies. The pecan tree compensates by sending out new shoots on the side.