Science and technology have allowed the treatment and diagnosing of mental illness to reach incredible new levels. The development of treating and understanding mental illness would not be possible if we as humans did not have the technology we do today. For instance, we would not be able to monitor someone’s brainwaves without the use of high-tech equipment.
What has not changed are none intrusive methods for treating and diagnosing mental illness. There are still religious practices that are used to treat mental illness. An exorcism is an example of method that is still used today. These are focused on releasing evil that dwells inside a person. This is a method that is unscientific and in the eyes of skeptic, is not really doing anything. Trephination has not been confirmed to be what we think it was and it is thought to have been used to “permit demonic spirits to escape.” (p. 11) Trephination thus sounds like an intrusive exorcism to me.
My overall feeling about the methods used today cannot be easily scrutinized as being nonsensical. Mental illnesses may have a textbook name and definition but every person is unique in their own way and thus treatment has to reflect the needs, problems, and overall wellbeing of the individual being treated.
Sarason, I. G., & Sarason, B. R. (2005). Abnormal Psychology: The Problem of Maladaptive Behavior (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.