Remodeling a basement is a great way to expand your living space and improve your equity. In some cases, remodeling the basement is the difference between moving from one location to another so that there will be enough space for the entire family. The most important aspect of a basement remodel is to make sure the basement is free of water issues. The second, is to make sure the walls are properly framed out for insulation and drywall.
Basement Wall Framing
Framing basement walls sounds like it would be pretty simple, but it actually takes almost twice as long as framing a standard wall. The reasons for this is that the foundation walls are never plumb (straight up and down) and the floor in never level. To combat this, the installation methods are pretty simple, but have to be meticulous.
Snap a line about 4 inches from the bottom of the basement wall. Lay down a bead of PL400 adhesive in an S pattern on the wall side of the line. Lay down treated 2x4s that will serve as bottom plates. Attach the plate to the concrete floor by drilling 1/4 inch holes every 4 feet in the plate into the concrete and hammering in concrete nail-ins. Using a hammer drill will make this process easy and quick.
Using a level and a straight 2×4, place the edge of the 2×4 on the outside of the floor plate. Place the level on the inside edge of the upright 2×4. Use the level to plumb up to the ceiling and make a mark on each end of the ceiling. Be sure you are marking the correct side of the level. Snap a chalk line and nail a 2×4 to the ceiling on the inside of the line. You now have a top and bottom plate for your wall.
You can either lay out the wall studs 16 inches o.c. (on center) of 24 inches o.c. because these walls are not supporting anything. I prefer to lay everything out 16 o.c. and keep the wall studs in line with the floor joists for easy drywall reference and for ease of heating and electrical contractors. Mark your layout on the bottom plate only.
Measure and cut each wall stud separately as they will most likely all be a different measurement. Screw or nail the studs to the bottom plate and use your level to plumb the first stud. Once the first stud is nailed into position and is level, you can lay out the top plate the same as the bottom.
Using this method of framing will ensure a smooth project and prevent a lot of frustration that can occur very quickly when preforming a remodel like this.