SYLLABUS: BLS LOGIC 1I NATURE OF LOGIC
A) Traditional and Modern definitions of Logic
B) Basic features of Inductive and Deductive reasoning. Their uses in Law Courts
C) Some basic logical concepts -Form, Content, Truth , Validity, Inference, Implication.
a) Meaning of Terms- Connotation and Denotation of terms- Positive and Negative terms, Contrary and Contradictory terms.
b) Distinctions between – Proposition and Sentence, Proposition and Judgment, Proposition and Fact, Constituent and Component.
a) Traditional classification of proposition into Categorical and Conditional four- fold classification.
b) Reduction of sentences to their logical forms.
c) Distribution of terms in A, E, I, O propositions.
IV Modern Classification of Propositions
a) Aim of Modern classification, kinds of Simple and Compound propositions and basic Truth Tables for Compound propositions.
b) General propositions in modern logic- Universal and Existential propositions.
V Comparative study of traditional and modern classification of
a) Distinction between the Traditional and Modern General propositions.
b) Meaning of prediction with special reference to the Copula.
c) Failure of Traditional classification of propositions.
a) Kinds of inference- Immediate and Mediate.
b) Opposition of proposition- Types of opposition- inference by opposition of propositions- opposition of Singular propositions.
a) Conversion and Obversion and other Immediate inferences.
b) Laws of Thought as applied to propositions.
a) Its purpose- rules and fallacies as per Traditional Definition
b) Modern Definitions-kinds.
IX Definition and law
Precise definition with special reference to any specific definition- disablement, industry (Labour Law), Private and Public Nuisance (Laws of Torts), consent (Law of Contract), Medical- intervention, physician, terminally- ill, reference (basic concepts only from law books).
Logical division – rules and fallacies of division – division by dichotomy.
a) Simple Enumeration as a form of induction.
b) Analogy – characteristic of a good and bad analogy. Its use in law – circumstantial evidence.