It’s easy for kids to get a nosebleed, and the main causes for nosebleeds in kids are actually not that severe. Knowing what causes nosebleeds in kids the most is a great way to not freak out so much when your child comes running into the house with blood gushing down their face.
A common nosebleed cause in kids is nose picking. When a child picks their nose to the point of irritation, their nose can begin bleeding in response to the scratching and damage to the blood vessels and nasal membranes. Simply yank your kid’s finger out of their nose and have them lean forward, applying pressure to the bridge of their nose just under the hard part for 5 minutes until the bleeding stops. If your child has constant nosebleeds from picking their nose, place band aids on their fingers so their fingers are too large to fit inside their tiny nostrils.
Another reason kids get nosebleeds is because they roughhouse or are involved in more sports and activities than adults are. It’s fairly common for a kid to take a knee to the face in play or a soccer ball to the nose which can cause a trauma nosebleed. Just keep in mind that a nosebleed often looks worse than it really is, and treating the nosebleed by having your child lean forward rather than back and by pinching the bridge of the nose (again, just under the hard part) to help stop the bleeding should have a nosebleed end in just a few minutes. Supply an icepack for the nose to help the blood vessels constrict, and check your child for other trauma, like a black eye, swelling of the head, or dizziness, which could indicate more damage than just a nosebleed itself.
Cold or extreme weather can cause nosebleeds in kids as well. Some kids get nosebleeds when they are too hot, and some get them when they are too cold. The reason for this is that the temperature in the air they are breathing through their nostrils irritates their nasal membranes and leads to a bloody nose. A way to counteract this is to try to keep the air around your child when they are sleeping (and breathing through their nose the most) humid and comfortable, and you can apply Carmex to their nostrils in the Summer when the heat is causing their nosebleeds.
Most nosebleeds are harmless in kids, albeit a big scary mess to the child at first. Knowing what mainly causes nosebleeds in kids is a great reminder to not panic when they get them so nosebleeds can be treated quickly and effectively. However, an uncontrollable nosebleed can lead to shock, so if you cannot get the nosebleed, whatever the cause, to stop within 10 minutes, or your child is dizzy, lightheaded, or nauseous on top of having a bloody nose, get them to the doctor to rule out greater injury.