Culture is behavioral patterns that human beings follow throughout their life. There are many things that make up culture. Art, government, social interactions, language, and religion are a few elements that make up culture. Culture cannot be studied directly, only the material remains that reflect cultural patterns can be studied (Human Culture: What is Culture?, 2006).
Art is normally defined as a work that is beautiful or aesthetically pleasing. Art has changed so much throughout history and has taken on so many different mediums that it is now a much broader category. Visual arts are what we think of as traditional art; paintings, sketches, charcoal drawings, and photography make up this type of art. Musical art is the art of sound in time that expresses ideas and emotions in significant forms through the elements of rhythm, melody, harmony, and color (Dictionary.com, 2010).
Architectural art is the art of erecting buildings and objects. They must be both structurally sounds and aesthetically pleasing. Architecture reflects a cultures personal style for look and functionality. Finally, literature is the art of the written word; stories and knowledge that has been passed down through generations. Fiction, non fiction, and poetry are all important elements in literary culture.
The role of an artist in any society is to challenge the minds of people and influence them through art. They essentially have the power to change people’s views and thoughts through any medium. I think the extent of culture expressed or influenced by artists is great. Every magazine ad, painting and book is meant to tell a story. It is made to make us think certain things and question others. Artists, in any medium, have great power of influence and can certainly impact different cultures and they way they are viewed.
Dictionary.com. (2010). Music. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/music
Encyclopedia of Irish and World Art. (2010). Definition of art. Retrieved from http://www.visual-arts-cork.com/art-definition.htm
Human Culture: What is Culture? (2006, May). What is culture. Retrieved from http://anthro.palomar.edu/culture/culture_1.htm
Roshan Cultural Heritage Institute. (2001). Definition of culture. Retrieved from http://www.roshan-institute.org/templates/System/details.asp?id=39783&PID=474552