Welcome back. This is day 7 of our series on using punctuation and capitalization. I hope you are ready to learn because we are going to learn about some more ways we can use commas. Let’s get started!
Day 7, Lesson 7:
Let’s review what an introductory expression is.
- An introductory expression is a word, phrase, or clause before the main part of a sentence.
It is important to use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. There are three types of phrases let’s look at an example of each one.
- Infinitive Phrase.
To find the answer, multiply by 4.
- Participial phrase.
Having done our best, we took a vacation.
- Prepositional Phrase.
During Christmas vacation, our family traveled.
As I mentioned earlier, it is important to use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. We have investigated and seen examples of 3 types of phrases, now let’s look at dependent clauses.
Here are some examples of dependent clauses.
- If you are interested in full time work, call me.
- Although I filled out the application, I did not get the job.
- As she walked out the door, we were parking in the driveway.
- When you visit our hometown web page, click hotels.
- It is important to use a comma after a very short phrase only if the sentence is not clear without it.
(Examples of the right way and wrong way to do this.)
Wrong way… On Monday, I’ll drive to work. ( Comma was not needed.)
Right way… On Monday I’ll drive to work. (Comma was not needed; This is correct.)
Wrong way…In 2010 500 workers were laid off at the plant.(Comma was needed. The sentence runs together and does not make sense without one.)
Right way…In 2010, 500 workers were laid off at the plant. (Comma was needed; This is correct.)
Wrong way… After all he had more experience than I did. (Comma is needed but is missing. Without a comma, the sentence runs together.)
Right way…After all, he had more experience than I did.(Comma was needed and is used properly.)
Thank you for taking the time to learn with me on this very exciting subject that benefits us all. I hope you will come learn with me tomorrow as we will be learning more about comas .
This is a series you won’t want to miss. Daily (except weekends & holidays) I will review aspects of punctuation and then capitalization. We will learn when and where to use them properly. So if you are a teacher,student or just want a review, check with me daily to collect the entire series.
Flipper! book published by Jack Cushman. Copyright 2000 (No direct quotes were taken from the book.)