The brown shorthair goat is an relatively popular goat in the Czech Republic and Germany. It was here that this breed of goat was first created. The goat itself is actually a hybrid. Officially recognized as its own species in 1954, the brown shorthaired goat was originally herded by Germans that lived in the northern and western mountain regions of the Czech Republic at that time.
There were two breeds of goat at that time in the region. The German Brown was introduced by the settlers to the area and the native breeds. The native species was relatively varied in coloration while the German Brown was already a well established breed. This led the Germans to create a new standard breed in the native species by breeding the bucks from the German Brown with the native goats in order to create a hybrid.
Why is it a hybrid?
The brown shorthaired goat is a hybrid due to a lot of work that was done in creating the brown coloration that is seen in the species today. By breeding the German brown with a native breed of goat for a period of time starting in the 1900s the desired coloration was achieved. The native goat was typically a white to light brown color and the Germans wanted a goat that was darker in color and similar to the German brown goat. This happened with consistency after several decades of slowly improved coloration was achieved.
The brown shorthaired is relatively close in appearance to the German brown but with a very defined black line down the back of the goat and strong black underbelly coloration. The black often will extend into the legs and face as well. This particular species of goat is also known for their lack of horns in both males and females. While some of the goats will be born with horns the large majority of them typically are born with none. Females typically range in weight from 120-150 pounds with males noticeably larger at 140 to 200 pounds.
Brown Shorthaired Facts
The brown shorthaired goat is a mostly commercial milk producing goat. The man made species of goat has only about 400-500 individuals, most of which are being used in testing to find ways to create greater milk productivity. Currently the goats produce about 2,000-3,000 gallons of milk in a year but it is believed that this species of goat has the potential to produce the higher numbers with greater frequency. This has created attempts to breed in the higher frequency of greater production.
Those goats that aren’t currently being used for testing are being used for commercial milk production. This milk is often times used for the production of cheese, cheese by products, and of course as milk and milk related products.