Not only is a moisturizer the most popular and most widely used beauty product, it is often the first skin care item purchased by women.
With so many lotions and moisturizers on the market today, it’s difficult knowing which one to choose. In “the good ole days”, moisturizers where more of a universal product, but today, you have a moisturizer for all different skin types and one for nearly every body part to choose from. The multitude of choices can be overwhelming.
For people with sensitive skin who are looking for a moisturizer, you should keep in mind that you want one free from ingredients that may damage your skin. The ingredients you should avoid are those that are most commonly known for irritating sensitive skin, such as fragrances, dyes, lanolin and certain preservatives such as parabens and formaldehyde.
For some people with sensitive skin, even natural ingredients such as aloe and almond oil can cause an allergic reaction.
How do moisturizers work? Moisturizers contain emollients. Emollients are absorbed into the spaces between the skin’s cells where they help replace the lipids, therefore making the skin look smoother and healthier. Emollients are oils from plants, minerals or animals. Shea butter, cocoa butter, petrolatum, cholesterol and silicone are all emollients.
Water based moisturizers are lighter than those which contain emollients and are non-greasy. These moisturizers will not last as loon as those that contain emollients.
Normal skin is one of the easiest to care for because people with normal skin can use just about any type of moisturizer without any problems.
Combination skin is a challenge. Combination skin is usually described as having oily skin in the “T-zone”, or the forehead, nose and chin. With dry skin on the cheeks. Many times, people with combination skin will have their skin’s status change from oily to dry and then back again. This makes it quite difficult when choosing a moisturizer. With combination skin, it is best to purchase two moisturizers, one for oily skin and another for dry skin. You will need to switch back and forth between moisturizers, depending on whether your skin is starting to feel oily or it is getting too dry. If you choose to use a moisturizer made for combination skin, you will want to apply a little extra to the drier areas.
If you have oily skin, chances are, you are prone to acne. Since the skin already has a large amount of moisture on it, the moisturizers for oily skin are lighter than the other option. In this instance, you will want to avoid moisturizers which are emollient based and opt for the water-based alternative.
The moisturizer you choose should not leave your skin feeling oily and it should absorb quickly and allow your skin to feel soft.
People with dry skin should use the heavier, emollient based moisturizers to keep the skin moist. During winter, it is best to keep your skin covered to protect it from wind damage and avoid open flames which can make dry skin worse.
The Mayo Clinic