Sealing and finishing your basement floor can reduce moisture in the room. It is also a good first step when renovating the basement and turning it into living space. To finish a standard concrete basement floor, sealing and painting the floor is essential.
Before beginning, it is important that you fill any cracks on the basement floor with concrete. You should also have a professional address any leaks or standing water that occurs in the basement. Do not attempt this project until you have a dry and level basement floor.
Step 1: Remove any baseboards with a pry bar. Remove any other obstructions from the room.
Step 2: Clean the concrete basement floor thoroughly with dish soap and water using a scrub brush. Rinse and mop the floor until it is perfectly clean
Step 3: Cover any areas you don’t wish to paint with painter’s tape.
Step 4: Using a paint roller with a long handle, apply a coat of concrete floor sealant to the basement floor. Start by applying the sealant on the side farthest from the exist, then continue applying sealant until the entire floor is covered. Let the sealant dry for at least 12 hours before continuing.
Step 5: Combine two-part epoxy paint into a single bucket. Keep in mind that epoxy paint cannot be saved for future applications once it is mixed, so only mix the amount you intend to use on the basement floor.
Step 6: Apply the epoxy paint with the long handled paint roller and a new paint roller cover. Start from the far side of the room and be sure to cover the entire floor with an even coat of epoxy paint.
TIP: If you purchased an epoxy floor paint that included vinyl chips, plan on painting the floor in sections, applying the chips, and then painting the area of the basement floor.
Step 7: If you applied vinyl chips, allow the floor to dry and remove with a brush any excess chips. Then apply the clear topcoat sealant with a paint roller. If you chose an epoxy paint without vinyl chips to finish your basement floor, you do not have to complete this step.