Businesses seeking to form either a profit or nonprofit Connecticut corporation can file with the Connecticut Secretary of State. Filing forms are available online. Entrepreneurs should file and pay a fee to incorporate in Connecticut. The state has “stock” and “nonstock” corporations. Stock corporations exist for business entities wishing to sell stock and make a profit for shareholders. A Connecticut nonprofit organization files as a nonstock corporation. Filers fill out incorporation forms and mail in the forms and applicable fee to establish a corporate entity in Connecticut.
Visit the “Commercial Recording Division Forms Index” page on the Connecticut Secretary of State’s website. Within the forms index, you can find a section for stock and nonstock corporations. Use the “Incorporation” links within those sections to find the applicable forms for corporate filings. The state uses the term “Certificate of Incorporation” for both kinds of Connecticut corporations.
Before finalizing your choice of a business name, visit the Connecticut “Business Inquiry” page and run a search for your proposed name (see Sources). Register a corporate name only if it is not already in use by a different Connecticut business. In addition to avoiding exact names already in use, make sure you stay away from names that are confusing similar to a name already being used. This could lead to legal problems related to intellectual property.
Fill out the “Certificate of Incorporation” for the business entity of your choice. Keep in mind that you will have to obtain authorization from the Internal Revenue Service when seeking tax-exempt status for a Connecticut nonprofit. Use the IRS.gov website to find Publication 557. That document will give you extensive details on how to apply for a tax exemption.
When choosing the number of shares you would like to create for a stock corporation and other business details, you may wish to discuss matters with a Connecticut business lawyer. This is a complicated process, and the forms provided by the Connecticut Secretary of State provide only the minimum information necessary to form a corporation.
Prepare the filing fees. As of 2010, the fee for forming a stock corporation is $250. However, forming a charity or other nonstock corporation is only $50. Note that the $250 for a stock corporation includes only the first 20,000 shares. Call and inquire first if you are issuing more than 20,000 shares. Make checks or money orders payable to “Secretary of State.”
Submit the form and fee to the following address to form a Connecticut corporation:
Commercial Recording Division
Connecticut Secretary of the State
P.O. Box 150470
Hartford, CT 06115-0470
You may also deliver the “Certificate of Incorporation” and fling fee to the following address:
30 Trinity Street
Hartford, CT 06106
Business Inquiry Name Search
Commercial Recording Division Forms Index