In education, the learning objective is like a GPS (Global Position System), guiding the students to various areas of knowledge. This is why every teacher must be able to write learning objectives.
Children need to know what they are learning each day and they must be told what steps they need to take in order to learn each lesson. Therefore, teachers must write the objective in a kid-friendly way.
The parts of an objective
• Audience- “the students will”
• Behavior- “locate the theme”
• Condition- “after reading the poem”
• Degree- “and find evidence from the text to accurately show the theme”
The audience refers to the students, the behavior is what the teacher is able to assess, the condition tells when the student will accomplish the objective, and the degree tells the standard of proficiency.
More examples of objectives
• Students will read for 15 minutes and draw two pictures about the story.
• Students will identify the elements of fables, folktale, and fairy tales.
• Students will define 10 of their vocabulary words and accurately write sentences for each one.
• Students will collect data by measuring with a yardstick.
• Students will compare facts about the sun and moon.
• Students will create a timeline of events involving the Civil Rights Movement.
Sample lesson plan
Author: Teacher’s name
General Standard 11 : Students will identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of theme in a literary work and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding.
Topic or Unit of Study:
Students will spend the next two weeks locating the theme in various genres of literature.
After reading the poem, “A Dream Deferred”, students will locate the theme in that poem and find evidence from the text to accurately show the theme.
1. Warm-up: What is theme?
2. The teacher will explain theme to the students.
3. The teacher will read the poem “Heaven” to the students and explain the message of that poem.
4. Then the teacher will read “A Dream Deferred” and analyze the poem.
5. Next, the teacher will ask the students to find the theme of the poem and support their answer with quotes from the text (this could be done through cooperative learning as well).
• Students on an IEP will be given more time to complete their work.
• Students who learn auditorially will be engaged through the reading of the text and the verbal instructions.
• Students who are visual learners will benefit from the written instructions and copies of the poems.
• Students who are kinesthetic learners will benefit from writing out the answer to the question.
• All students will benefit from the cooperative learning experience.
MATERIALS AND RESOURCES : Whiteboard and hand-outs of the poems.
STANDARDS & ASSESSMENT: Formative assessment will occur as the teacher conferences with each student and as the entire class shares their work. Summative assessment will occur when the teacher grades students’ work on the theme of the poem.
Rubric for the assignment
Read the poem “A Dream Deferred” and locate the theme. Be sure to include specific details from the poem to support your answer.
Response is a clear, correct, AND includes relevant and specific details from the poem.
Response is a mostly clear and correct AND includes relevant details from the poem.
The response lacks clarity;
The response is missing important explanations;
The information chosen from the poem does not completely support the point being made;
Response is about half complete.
The response is clear, accurate, but gives NO details from the article;
The response includes details from the article (whether quoted, paraphrased, or both)
AND includes NO explanation;
Response is limited.
The response gives an unclear explanation with NO support OR inaccurate support;
Response is inaccurate and irrelevant.