Creation and evolution, do we need to believe in one or the other, as scientists and creationists would like us to believe. The debate over creation and evolution has been going on for many years. Many people know of Charles Darwin, the founder of the evolution movement but this debate goes back much further. Religion goes back even further than any theory of evolution.
“Evolution is technically defined as: ‘a gradual process in which something changes into a different and usually better from (All About Science).” Macro-evolution is the evolutionists’ explanation for how the billions of diverse species on earth have came about (All About Science). The only information that we have received from science is evolution. Even thought evolution has been studied for many years it is still only a theory.
One would think that evolution would actually be happening today, but there is no current research that supports this claim. The evolutionists’ have relied on one species that they do consider to be evidence of evolution. This is the Kettlewell Moth. Scientists have studied this moth for years. The Kettlewell Moth was originally a light speckled moth that was found in the late 1800’s. When the industrial revolution started and soot covered most of England this moth supposedly turned to a darker almost black moth. As we began to use better fuel the darker colored moth has become almost extinct (The Peppered Moth-An Update). According to scientists this is an example of evolution, because the moth was able to change color in order to survive in its changing environment. The scientists were able to prove that this moth did have an exceptional rise and fall over the years, but can not prove that it is indeed an example of evolution. They refer to this story as natural selection.
Creation is the belief that intelligent design is the reason we are here. Creationists believe that God formed us as we are today, and that evolution played no part in it. The basis for this belief is religion and the bible.
Creation also has its own evidence. One example of creation has to do with the amount of skeletal remains found during the stone-age. On the web site Creation Evidence is states “There are not enough stone-age skeletons to account for the approximately four billion Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon people the evolutionary anthropologists say lived during the one hundred thousand years of the stone-age. Only a few thousand skeletons have been found, implying that the stone-age was much shorter, a few thousand years in many areas.” With this claim creationists are not saying that the stone-age did not happen. They are only saying that it was not as long a time period that the scientists believe. There are obviously several claims both sides make that contradict each other.
During my research I did find many interesting facts. I think several people ask the question “Where are dinosaurs mentioned in the bible?” In the book of “Job” is where creationists say that dinosaurs are mentioned in the Bible. In the Bible the word for dinosaur is Behemoth. Behemoth is described in the Bible as “Giant, kingly beast (Are Dinosaurs in the Bible?)” This name for the dinosaurs is the original Hebrew name given in the Hebrew biblical text. Because the Bible was not translated to English until 1611 we did not have the word dinosaur. The word dinosaur did not exist until the mid-1800’s (Are Dinosaurs in the Bible?). With this being said how would the scientists know what to make of this word and its description? In 1611 we did not even have dinosaur bones; we did not yet know that this animal did exist at one time. Even now we have no real evidence of how old the dinosaur bones are. They are not carbon dated as one would believe. A dinosaur bone is simply given an age based on how old someone thinks that they are (Are Dinosaurs in the Bible?). If we do not know how old the bones are, truly, then how can scientists say that they did not exist at the same time humans were alive? This is a question I am unable to answer, even with all the research I have done.
Another thing that I thought was very interesting is the fossil record. We have all heard of the early stages of man. For example, the Pitdown man, the Neanderthal man, and Homo erectus are some familiar names of the early forms of man according to evolution. Over the past century some of these early stages have been determined as, not a form of human but merely another animal all together. “The pitdown man was hyped as the missing link in publications for over forty years. He was a fraud based on a human skull cap and an orangutan’s jaw (Diavd M. Raup).” Many people may have also heard of “Lucy”. She was also thought to be a missing link at one time. It is now known that “Lucy” was simply a chimp that walked a little more upright, and not becoming a human at all. There have also been a few cases of fraud throughout the fossil record. “The Nebraska Man was a fraud based on the single tooth of a rare type of pig (David M. Raup).” There are many stages of the fossil record but as science continues they are finding the errors that they have made in there previous conclusions. The closest human remains that have been found are the remains of the Neanderthal man.
Carbon dating is also how the scientists try to prove how long ago something was alive. Like we said before dinosaur bones are not carbon dated. There was nothing that I could find in my research that said why they do not use this process to get a more accurate date of when it was that the dinosaurs did live. One would think that this would help the case of evolution if they could say when and how long the dinosaurs were around. My conclusion of this is that they know they may be wrong about how long ago they did exist. If it was proven that the dinosaur existed not long ago it would force them to change there whole theory. Not that anyone is denying that they did exist but that there dates may be wrong. This again would lead toward the ideas that the creationists’ have. The creationists’ believe that the dinosaurs were alive when humans existed as well. If God created all life, man and animals, would this not also include the dinosaur?
However, the fossils of human and pre-human remains are carbon dated. This does give the scientists’ a more accurate date of when humans first came to exist. Carbon dating is the most relied on type of dating method that scientists have.
However, there are a few problems with carbon dating. One issue with carbon dating is that it can only put a date of about 30,000 to 50,000 years on fossils. So if the fossil is believed to be millions of years old, there is no way that carbon dating will prove that it is that age. Sometimes the dates just don’t match up no matter how old the fossil or living thing is. For example, the web page Carbon Dating: It Cant Be Trusted, states several examples of mistakes in carbon dating. Living penguins have been carbon dated and the results were they had died 8,000 years ago. The Illustrated Origin Book, by Paul Taylor, states that when the body of a dead seal was carbon dated it showed the seal had died 4,600 years ago. The seal was truly only dead for 30 years. The main problem with carbon dating is there is no proof or evidence that the rate of decay had increased or declined over the years. Creationists would like to believe that the rate of decay has not remained the same. This would rule out the whole method of carbon dating. As for now scientists can say that the rate for decay has stayed the same because there is nothing that says it has not. That does still leave the possibility that the dates may not be as accurate as scientists would like to believe, but scientists and evolutionists can say that it is an accurate way of dating fossils and other living creatures, at least for now.
Creationists and evolutionists disagree on many things. The age of the earth is one of these many things. Is the earth as old as a million years or even billions of years? The creationists believe that the earth is only a few thousand years old, this better supports the biblical accounts of creation. As stated on the Evidence for Creation web site “The earth’s magnetic field has been decaying at a factor of 2.7 over the past one thousand years. At this rate, the earth could not be greater than ten thousand years old. (Science says the age of the earth is around five billion years old.)” Even the age of five billion years has changed over the years. In 1905 the earth was said to be two billion years old, in 1970 the earth was said to be 3.5 billion years old, and in the 1900’s the earth was said to be 4.6 billion years old (All About Creation). Over the years the dates have changed, creationists say that the dates changed because it was not compatible with the beliefs of evolution. The creations do not have a good argument with this topic, the age of the earth, because science does change as we learn more every year.
Science is constantly changing over the years. This has also changed the theories of evolution. We have come along way since Charles Darwin and the many more like him. Scientists and evolutionists have adapted there theories, while the creationists still hold there ground. The creationists views do not seemed to have changed any over the years, according to the research I have conducted. The main topics of creation and evolution in the forefront today is whether or not we should teach either of these subjects in schools. Since both are just theories, this has been a rough debate as well. I am sure one could do a whole research paper just based on that topic.
Evolution and creation do have many contradictions but some things, I think, can be solved by a combining of the effort. During the course of my research it did not seem that any one has ever even tried to do so. Both the evolutionists and creationists continue to pick each others theories apart. We will probably never know the real answer. I do not think that science alone can explain everything that happens. With my research I have come to the conclusion that evolution is an actual process that we do go through, but it is guided by the hand of God.
I leave you with the following quote to continue your thoughts: “In the book of ‘Job’ chapter 38:4, God asks Job an important question: ‘Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth?”
All About Science (2002-2007) Evolution of Man- Theory Concepts. Retrieved July 01, 2007, from http://www.allaboutscience.org/evolution-of-man.htm
Are Dinosaurs in the Bible? Behemoth Creation Evolution. Retrieved June 27,2007,from http://www.angelfire.com/mi/dinosaurs/behemoth.htm
Carbon Dating: Why you can’t it or other radiometric dating (February 2003). The Problem With Carbon 14 and Other Dating Methods. Retrieved July 21, 2007 from http://www.angelfire.com
Creation Evidence Museum Online (n.d.) Evidence for Creation. Retrieved June 28, 2007, from http://www.creationevidence.org
Long, Josef T. (December 2004). Carbon Dating: It doesn’t prove an old earth. Retrieved July 21, 2007 from http://www.trueauthority.com/cvse/carbon.htm
Evidence for Creation (n. d.) Bible Plus. Retrieved July 10, 2007, from http://www.bibleplus.org/creation/evidence.htm
O’Neil, Dennis (1998-2006) Early Theories of Evolution: Evidence of Evolution. Retrieved June 28, 2007, from http://www.antro.palomar.edu/evolve_3.htm
Miller, Ken (August 1999) The Peppered Moth- An Update. Retrieved July 09, 2007, from http://www.millerandlevine.com/km/evol/Moths/moths.html
Raup, David M. (July 1981) Evolution and the Fossil Record. Science (vol. 213) Retrieved July 20, 2007 from http://www.allaboutthejourney.org