It is estimated that three to five percent of school-age students are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Individuals usually do not outgrow the condition; therefore, adolescents and adults experience the symptoms.
The usual and customary treatment for ADHD has been medication. Perhaps this is the case due to the lack of knowledge of how to address the problem non-medically.
Empirical and clinical treatment of the condition indicates that the condition can be treated or addressed symptomatically whether an individual is on medication or not.
However, there are various ways and means applying learning styles approaches and methods that can help minimize the impact of this behavior. The following are some of the procedures on how to handle ADD or ADHD.
ADHD Behavior modification is rewarding desired behavior with privileges or rewards while discouraging bad behavior with removal of privileges or adding appropriate punishment.
This involves changing the environment in which the child lives and works so that he will learn how to better use his strengths to cope with the negative impact of ADHD (hyperactivity, distractibility and impulsivity). This approach involves behavior modification (rewarding positive behaviors), organizing the learning space, and changing the way teachers and parents talk to a child (more organizational cues, an acknowledgment that ADHD is a reason for certain behaviors, but not an excuse for them, and a focus on increasing the child’s responsibility). These things should always be done for children with ADHD.
The behavior modification system for changing behavior has its assumptions that human behaviors are learned and can be selectively strengthened, weakened, eliminated, or replaced and that a person’s behavior is ignored. The child’s response is under conscious control. Under this system, desirable behavior is rewarded and undesirable behavior is ignored. The child’s response is the key to behavior change.
Pertinent features of behavior modification include the following:
• Positive reinforcement is used. Reinforcement is defined as anything that increases the strength of a behavior. If your child does something that pleases you and you praise her for it, she does it again. The more powerful the reinforcer, the more likely the behavior will occur again. People respond to different types of reinforcers; for example, some of us respond to pay, others to food, and still others to a single “thank you.” Nevertheless, there are some general guidelines that should be used when delivering reinforcement. The first thing you need to know is to start simply.
• The child participates in the development of the learning plan.
• Undesirable behavior is ignored, not criticized.
Success is maximized through positive reinforcements; failure and the threat of failure are minimized.
Setting up a behavior modification program takes hard work, dedication, commitment and cooperation between parents, teachers and caregivers.