More than 40 years ago many of us baby boomers saw a futuristic film called Fantastic Voyage. We knew from that time that one day science would catch up with that movie. The science of microscopic machines being used inside the body for medical or health purposes is called nanotechnology. The prefix, nano, refers to a unit of measurement; for instance, a nanometer is equal to one billionth of 1 meter.
Nanotechnology is big business
While nanomedicine is being used to a minimal degree; in the future nanotechnology will be big business. Nanotechnology is currently being used in the fashion industry. One major designer is using nanotechnology to create a product that repels stains on garments. When products like these get on the market, it can affect many other businesses. For instance, dry cleaners could lose business if customers no longer have to have stains removed from their clothing.
Nanotechnology is being used by certain automobile companies to make their vehicles lighter in weight, rust-proof, and scratch resistant. The use of nanotechnology could also cause the repair companies to receive less business, because the automobiles will be made to last longer.
Nanotechnology to increase longevity of life
It’s doesn’t take a scientist to understand the value product longevity; therefore, it also shouldn’t be so far-fetched for us to want to extend the longevity of our lives. It is possible that nanotechnology could actually give us longevity of life. Rather than the exception, the human lifespan may one day well exceed 100 years.
Nanoparticles in medicine
Science is just at the very beginning of nanotechnology in medicine, which is being called nanomedicine. Pharmaceutical companies have developed manmade medications which can target specific cells in the body. The medication is put on nanoparticles, which carry the therapeutic medicines and treatments to the areas of the body that need treatment. Chemotherapy drugs are being developed with nanotechnology for the treatment of cancer. Many drugs are in clinical trials already.
What are nanoparticles?
Nanoparticles are microscopic objects that are between 1 and 100 nanometers in size. They are used in medicine as drug delivery vehicles. Nanoparticles can also be clumped together into nanoclusters. Most people don’t realize that nanoparticles are used in sunscreens. The different nanoparticles in sunscreen have different properties. Some nanoparticles scatter the sun’s rays and some absorb the rays.
Nanoparticles and nanoclusters are being used in pharmaceuticals to produce safer medications with no harmful side effects. So many drugs have significant side effects because they come from biological sources. The body receiving the medications may have an allergic response to those medicines. Nanotechnology has changed the way many types of medications are made, which makes them much safer.