Before his death in 1973 legendary martial artist, and actor Bruce Lee founded a method of fighting that he called Jeet Kune Do. Jeet Kune Do means ” Way of the Intercepting Fist”. Bruce Lee first started training in the art of wing chun kung fu. Ultimately in the end Bruce Lee combined elements of Wing Chun, Boxing, Fencing, and Grappling to formulate the art of Jeet Kune Do. Within this article I am going to discuss the basics of Jeet Kune Do. As well I am going to give a brief overview of the 5 methods of attack, as well as some concepts that Bruce Lee put forth in his art.
Overview of the 5 Methods of Attack and Some Concepts
Here I am going to give a brief overview of the 5 methods of attack, as well I will give concepts that Bruce Lee put into the art of Jeet Kune Do. The 5 methods of are S.A- Simple Attack, A.B.C- Attack by Combination, I.A- Immobilization. Attack, P.I.A- Progressive Indirect Attack, A.B.D- Attack by Drawing.
Simple Attack- This is an attack in which you execute a single punch or kick. Attack by Combination- This is an attack in which you execute multiple punches or kicks in secession.
Progressive Indirect Attack- This is an attack in which you feint an attack and without withdrawing you immediately follow through with a real attack.
Immobilization Attack- This is an attack in which you immobilize some part of the body, so that you can prevent your aggressor from attacking you, or so that you can attack.
Attack by Drawing- This is an attack in which you purposely leave an opening, so that your aggressor will hopefully attack the opening. In which then you can attack your aggressor.
Now these are a just a few brief overviews of some of the concepts that are in the art of Jeet Kune Do. Now I will give you some of the concepts and philosophies of the art of Jeet Kune Do.
Concept #1 Longest weapon to the closest target.
Concept #2 Adapt what is useful and discard what is useless.
Concept #3 Use no way as the way, use no limitation as limitation.
Concept #4 Jeet Kune Do is like a rock sculpture, you don’t add to it. Instead you take away what is unessential.
Now understand these are only a few of the many concepts and philosophies of the art of Jeet Kune Do. As well the concepts here may not be written word for word as Bruce Lee wrote them.
J.K.D Stance and Footwork
In this section we are going to talk about the J.K.D stance and footwork. The stance that is used in J.K.D is known as the J.K.D Bi-jong stance. When Bruce Lee founded the J.K.D Bi-Jong stance he used a combination of a boxers stance and a fencers stance. Now I will describe to you how to do the J.K.D Bi-Jong stance.
Bi-Jong Stance- To do the J.K.D Bi-Jong stance, turn your body to a 45 degree angle. Next take your lead foot and turn it inward at a 30 degree angle. Now take your rear foot and as well turn it inward at a 30 degree angle, and lift the heel of your rear foot about an inch off of the ground. Now lower your chin about and inch ( this will make your head a more difficult target to attack.). Now put your rear hand in front of your face about 3-5 inches. Take your lead hand and put it at about upper chest to throat level and about 6-8 inches in front of your rear hand. *Note* Leave your hands open instead of clinched in a fist. This is to increase the speed and power in your punches.
Now that we have talked about the J.K.D stance, lets talk about J.K.D footwork. Ultimately footwork is the core of any combat system, for without footwork ( and physical conditioning) the rest of the combat system is useless. Now lets talk about the four different types of basic footwork that are in the art of J.K.D.
Forward Shuffle- To do the forward shuffle first move the rear foot forward. Next quickly and immediately move your lead foot forward.
Backward Shuffle- When doing the backward shuffle move the lead foot backward. Next move your rear foot backward.
Right Shuffle- To do the right shuffle by first moving the lead foot to the right. Next quickly move the rear foot to the right as well.
Left Shuffle- When doing the left shuffle first move the rear foot to the left. After that immediately move the lead foot to the left.
Now these are only the four basic types of footwork in J.K.D. When practicing these start slowly and make sure you get the feel for each and every individual type of footwork. As well make sure you do not over step when you do your footwork, cause it can lead to going off balance, and that is not a good thing in a fight.
In this section we are going to talk about J.K.D punching tactics. There are not very many punching tactics in J.K.D. There are around 9-11 punching tactics in J.K.D. I am going to describe one of the punching tactics. The tactic that I am going to discuss is the straight lead. Here is how you do the J.K.D straight lead.
Straight Lead- The straight lead is the core striking tactic of J.K.D. It is the first striking tactic that you will learn and as well it is the most difficult to master in the art of J.K.D. Here is how you do the straight lead. #1 From the Bi-jong stance initiate the punch by moving the lead hand. #2 After moving the lead hand immediately push off with the rear foot moving the whole body forward. #3 While moving the body forward turn the body sideways. #4 Just before impact land on the lead and rear foot simultaneously. #5 Finish off by extending the striking arm 3-5 inches through the target.
Alright folks here we are going to talk about J.K.D kicking tactics. All in all there are around 4-7 kicking tactics in the art of J.K.D. Here I am going to describe two kicking tactics. The first one that I will describe is the side kick, and the second one will be the stop kick. The side kick and the straight lead go hand in hand. For one they are both linear striking tactics, and as well they are both powerful striking tactics. Now the the stop kick is just what it is a stop kick. Lets get to describing each of these kicks now.
The side kick- To do the side kick start off by bringing your rear foot forward as if you were doing the rear shuffle. #2 Simultaneously bring the front leg up, and move forward. #3 Then stomp the forward leg into the knee using the heel of the foot. The Stop Kick- The stop kick is a simple kick. All you have to do is swing the forward leg forward. The target is the shin, and the striking surface is the outside edge of the foot.
Within this article I have only covered some of the basics of J.K.D. In the near future I will write the second part to this article. In the second part of this article I will cover defensive tactics, trapping tactics, as well I will cover grappling tactics. One thing that I would like to state is that training in combat does not make you invincible it only better prepares you for the fight. As well I the writer of this article does not assume any liability for any injuries that may come from training in tactics of this article. The contents of this article are for informational purposes only.
Sources- Jeet Kune Do Training