Jerusalem is the most interesting ciy in the world. For one reason it sits geographically right in the center of the World. It’s Latitude & Longitude are;
” ‘Latitude: 31° 46′ 53″ North. Longitude: 35° 13’ 52″ East. With an Altitude of 2633 feet.”
The Bible tells us that it will be the headquarters of the Millennial kingdom in which Jesus himself will sit on the throne. (Isa.9:6-7) Most people know it as the city of David but it existed many years before David and was called other names like
Salem, Zion, The city of God and The city of Peace. More blood has been shed over the control of this city than any other in the world. The Bible tells us that the final blood shed will be at the battle of Armageddon. (Rev. 16-18)
The earliest mention of Jerusalem is found in the *Tell el-Amarna Letters (1450 BC), where it appears in the form of Uru-sa-lim.
The beginnings of Jerusalem are long before recorded history.
At various points in the area to the Southwest, and at the northern extremity of the Mount of Olives to the Northeast, were very large settlements long before the dawn of history. this is proved by the enormous quantities of Celtic weapons scattered over the surface found by Archeologist. It is certain that the city’s site itself was occupied many centuries before David, It is a traditional view that the city called Salem which we see in (Genesis 14:18), over which Melchizedek was king, was identical with Jerusalem.
“David, after he had reigned 7 1/2 years at Hebron, determined to make the place his capital and, about 1000 BC he captured the city. Before his capture it was occupied by the Jebusites and was called Jebus (1 Chron. 11:4-7)” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
From Archeology; “The Tel Dan Inscription: This stone tablet contains an inscription that is the first reference to the Davidic dynasty outside of the Bible. It was erected by Hazael King of Aram which is present day Syria. The inscription makes reference to a military victory and corresponds to the biblical account in 2 Chronicles 22. This inscription dates to the 9th century B.C., This gives an accurate dating to the Davidic dynasty as well as verifying its existence. This is the first extra-biblical reference to the House of David that has been discovered to date.” (Biblical Archeology Today)
Up to this event it is probable that Jerusalem was like any other contemporary fortified city. A comparatively small place encircled with powerful walls, with but one or perhaps two gates; it is generally admitted that this city occupied the ridge to the South of the temple and for a long time was incorrectly called “Ophel,” and that its walls stood upon steep rocky scarps above the Kidron valley on the one side, and the Tyropeon valley on the other. (my visual sight) Much of the original walls still remain even to this day.
Today The Wailing wall is the most holiest of Jewish Shrines and is believed to be the remains of the original inner wall around Solomon’s original Temple. A trip to this city would be a most eye opening and inspirational experience for any modern day Christian.