Morinda citrifolia, a medicinal evergreen plant native to the Pacific islands, Australia, and southeast Asia, is generally safe when it is used by healthy adults for relatively short periods of time. Morinda citrifolia side effects are fairly rare, but some serious side effects have been linked to the plant.
Before using Morinda citrifolia in medicinal amounts, particularly over an extended period of time, consult your health care provider. If you experience any side effects of morinda citrifolia, discontinue use and talk to your practitioner.
Historically Morinda citrifolia has been used to induce abortion. You may experience a miscarriage or preterm labor if you take medicinal quantities of Morinda citrifolia during pregnancy. Ask your obstetrician or midwife before using any other medicinal herb during any stage of gestation.
A rare, but serious, side effect of Morinda citrifolia, liver damage can cause life-threatening complications. Several people taking Morinda citrifolia supplements and juice have developed liver problems, but doctors were unable to conclusively determine that Morinda citrifolia was the cause. Stop using Morinda citrifolia immediately if you develop symptoms of liver disease, such as jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin) or fatigue.
The fruit of the Morinda citrifolia plant is an excellent source of potassium. This is beneficial for most Americans, who do not get enough potassium in their everyday diets. However, people with kidney disease may develop dangerously high potassium levels while using the product. Do not take Morinda citrofolia if you are on a potassium-restricted diet due to liver disease.
The National Institutes of Health offers further information about Morinda citrifolia side effects.