Diabetes mellitus is a commonly seen condition in cats, and it occurs when the cat’s insulin cannot normalize the body’s blood sugar levels. Diabetes mellitus will occur if the cat doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body abnormally releases it. Insulin is needed for the cells to take in glucose, which is the primary energy source for the body. Since the glucose can’t go in the cells where it’s supposed to, it will go to the urine and blood. This will lead to many dreadful symptoms for the cat. Diabetes mellitus has been seen in all breeds and ages of cats, although it is more likely for a cat to get this if they are older or obese.
The symptoms that are experienced by cats with diabetes mellitus are often similar to the symptoms humans’ experience. These symptoms will usually slowly emerge over the course of multiple weeks. The owners may not notice these symptoms for quite some time. So, it’s always a good thing to keep an eye on your pet’s routines and behaviors. Some commonly seen symptoms that are produced by diabetes mellitus in cats are frequent urination, sugar in urine, sweet smelling urine, thirstiness, weight loss, increase in appetite, fatigue, unhealthy coat, and unhealthy skin. The cat might also develop a condition called diabetic neuropathy, which causes the cat’s back legs to become weak. The cat may also be experiencing tingling, numbness, and pain in the legs. You may notice that a cat with diabetic neuropathy has become wobbly or is walking slightly abnormally, and the cat may begin to have trouble running and jumping. Diabetic neuropathy may go away once the cat gets treatment and their blood sugar normalizes. If your cat experiences any unusual symptoms, it’s important that you contact a veterinarian. It’s absolutely important that your cat goes to the veterinarian if they have diabetes mellitus, otherwise they will usually die within time from this condition.
A veterinarian will do a physical examination of the cat and the cat’s symptoms. They will run blood tests and examine the cat’s urine. The veterinarian will usually find large amounts of glucose in the blood and in the urine. There is not a cure for diabetes mellitus, although it can be treated. The treatment for the cat is commonly an insulin injection that the owner must give to their pet and there is another form of treatment can be administered as an oral medication. Cats will usually live a happy and healthy life as long as they get the proper treatment and care. A cat’s diet will usually have to be altered, especially if the cat is obese. You should always keep track of your cat’s routine, such as how much the cat is drinking, eating, and urinating. It’s also usually recommended that you feed your cat a specific amount of food each day at the same times. Obese cats that have diabetes mellitus will usually get much better once they have lost some of their weight.
Always keep an eye on the cat to notice any potential unhealthy changes. You should make annual visits to the veterinarian so your cat’s health can be checked.