Patio gardening with peppers is just another way of saying that you are growing peppers in containers on your patio, deck, or balcony. Some gardeners would rather do patio gardening because they do not have a lot of room or they are just renters.
Hot peppers and sweet peppers are the two types of peppers that can be grown. Hot peppers will start out green and can turn yellow or red when they are fully matured. Sweet peppers, or bell peppers are also green but they have a shape that is characteristic of a bell. If you allow these peppers to fully ripen they will turn red or yellow. Sweet bell peppers are also available in orange, purple, and black color when they fully ripen. Peppers are vegetables that need warmth just as tomatoes and eggplants and are grown in a similar fashion.
If you garden in an area of the country that has a short growing season it is better to plant the early varieties of pepper. Even some of these peppers are going to need about two months from planting the young seedlings to the harvesting of the ripe peppers. Pepper seedlings can be found in most garden nurseries and home and garden centers but be sure the ones you choose have short, sturdy stems and the leaves are still a deep green color.
When you start container gardening of any vegetables be sure to use newly bought soil; if you use soil that was previously used for growing tomatoes or eggplant for peppers you can transfer similar disease problems. Tomatoes, eggplant, and peppers are susceptible to similar diseases. Always use new soil that has organic material mixed and some 5-10-10 fertilizer. You should always transplant any new seedlings in late afternoon or the early evening; this provides them a better recuperation from transplanting. After transplanting has been completed, water the soil well. If enough fertilizer has been mixed into the soil you should not have to re-fertilizer your crop during the growing season. Peppers should have moist soil so their fruit can form. Just remember one important thing, a container vegetable garden will need more water than vegetables that are grown in the ground; during hot spells they will probably need extra watering.
Sweet peppers can be harvested and eaten at almost any stage of their growth. A full-sized green pepper that is left on the plant will become sweeter the brighter red it gets. They can be harvested while green or red but the red bell peppers should not be left on the plant very long; this will cause the oncoming peppers not to produce the quantity you want. When you harvest peppers never pull them or try to break them from their branches always cut them off. Pulling or breaking can damage or break the branches.
Some peppers may need to have cages around them or staked up depending on how they grow. Bell peppers need this because of the excess weight of their fruit. If this is not done you could end up with bent or broken branches because of the weight. Some hot peppers such as the jalapeno may need that cage if they start to overtake the patio gardening container.
The more you harvest your patio gardening peppers the more they will continue to bloom and produce more fruit. Bell peppers become sweeter and hot peppers become hotter the longer you leave them on the plant. It is always best to let the hot peppers reach their full growth and flavor before you start to harvest.