Rattlesnakes are the deadliest, venom producing, snakes in the United States. There are a variety of rattlesnakes, and topping the list, for the most dangerous, is the Mojave green rattlesnake. (crotalus scutulatus). The second in command is the notorious diamondback rattlesnake. According to Blue Planet Biomes, the Mojave rattlesnake bite is more dangerous than any other rattlesnake in North America
Mojave Green Rattlesnakes
Mojave green rattlesnakes have two types of toxins in their venom. Neurotoxin attacks the nerves and hemotoxin attacks the blood. The Mojave green is found in elevations from 500 to 5000 feet, in desert washes, under creosote bushes and most other desert bushes. It’s color ranges from a greenish-gray to a yellowish, depending on the elevation.
The markings on its back are similar, in design, to the diamondback, but the greener color gives way to its name. A Mojave green rattlesnake can grow up to four feet long. It is aggressive and travels very fast across the ground. It will pursue its tormentor and actually try to corner it, and may not rattle before striking.
A diamondback rattlesnake is brown with a diamond shaped design on the full length of it’s back. It will defend itself, when threatened, by rattling it’s tail and coiling and even striking, but will slink off as soon as the danger has passed. Although all rattlesnakes have a poisonous bite, the small, young ones are more toxic than the full grown ones.
Cottonmouth and Copperhead Rattlesnakes
Cottonmouth and copperhead rattlesnakes are amphibious snakes. They are found in marshes and swamps, mostly in the eastern part of the United States. Although the bite from one of these snakes is poisonous, they are rated as third and fourth in toxicity.
The best way to stay safe from rattlesnakes is to stay away from any hiding places where they may be. Piles of rocks, rock ledges, caves and desert brush are some of the likely places for them to hide. Your home is the place that you feel the safest, but if your yard has flat material such as plywood or lumber piles, on the ground, rattlesnakes will take refuge under them.
To remove hiding places from your yard, use a rake or a hoe to lift them off the ground. Stand on the side of the material and hook the rake on the other side and lift it. If rattlesnakes are present, you’ll be able to see them by looking over the board. If you are not familiar with snakes, find someone who is. Don’t take a chance.