Vaccinations are required in order for children to attend school or go to daycare. Some states allow medical, religious and/or philosophical exemptions for children who meet the requirements for that exemption, however, for those that don’t, it is important to be aware of what vaccines are required and when they are typically given.
Hepatitis B causes swelling and irritation of the liver. It is spread through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and other bodily fluids. The hepatitis B shot is administered shortly after birth and again at two months, four months and six months of age. This number may vary on whether or not your baby is receiving a three-dose or four-dose series.
Diphtheria, Tetanus, Pertussis (DTaP)
A combination vaccine known as DTaP is administered in a four-part series to protect against diphtheria (a deadly bacterial infection), tetanus (lockjaw) and pertussis (whooping cough). Your child will receive their first dose of the DTaP vaccine at around two months old and again at 4 and 6 months old. The fourth dose will be administered between 12 and 15 months of age, so long as six months have elapsed since the last dose. Your child will require one final dose between 4 and 6 years old.
Rotovirus is a common viral infection that attacks the lining of the intestines. The vaccine for rotavirus is administered at 2 months, 4 months and six months. The first dose should be given between 6 and 14 weeks. The series should not be started if the child is 15 weeks or older. The three-dose series should be complete before the child is 8 months old.
Haemophilus Influenzae Type B
Haemophilus influenzea type B (known as Hib) is a serious bacterial infection that is known to have severe affects on children under age five. The Hib vaccine is given at 2 months, 4 months and again at 12-15 months. The third dose should not be given before one year of age.
Polio is a viral disease that affects the nerves and leads to paralyzation. The polio vaccine (IPV) is administered at 2 months, 4 months and 6 months with a final dose between 4 and 6 years of age, no sooner than six months from the prior dose. If all four shots are completed before four years of age, a fifth shot will be needed between 4 and 6 years of age.
Pneumococcal disease is caused by a bacterium that can cause a large amount of problems in the body. The vaccination for penumococcal disease is administered at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months and 12 to 15 months. Another version of the vaccine will need to be administered at 24-59 months.
Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR)
The MMR vaccination protects against the measles (a rash causing virus), mumps (a virus that causes swelling of glands and fever), and rubella (a viral infection similar to the measles). The first dose of the MMR vaccine is administered between 12 and 15 months of age and the second dose is administered between 4 and 6 years of age.
Varicella (Chicken Pox)
Varicella, more commonly known as the chicken pox, is a viral infection that causes rash. The first dose for the varicella vaccine is administered between 12 and 15 months of age, and the second dose is administered between 4 and 6 years of age.
Hepatitis A is a viral liver infection. The vaccine for hepatitis A is given anytime after 12 months of age, and is followed by a second dose six months after the first dose.
Meningococcal bacteria causes a severe blood infection or meningitis and has a high mortality rate. The vaccine (MCV) is administered to children who meet eligibility requirements between 2 and 10 years of age. This vaccine may requires follow-up vaccines.
State of Alaska Epidemiology. “Recommended Immunization Schedule for Children Aged 0-6 Years- Alaska.” Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
Google Health. “Hepatitis B.” Google Health. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
The Immunization Action Coalition. Hepatitis B Vaccine Helps Protect Your Baby’s Future! St. Paul. Print.
“Diphtheria.” KidsHealth – the Web’s Most Visited Site about Children’s Health. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
“Tetanus: MedlinePlus.” National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
Brown, Stephanie. “Rotovirus – What Is Rotovirus?” Toddlers – Learning Activities, Toddler Care, Potty Training, Parenting Tips and Advice. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
“WHO | Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (HiB).” Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
“Polio – MayoClinic.com.” Mayo Clinic Medical Information and Tools for Healthy Living – MayoClinic.com. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
“Mumps.” KidsHealth – the Web’s Most Visited Site about Children’s Health. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
“WHO | Measles.” Web. 30 Oct. 2010.
“Hepatitis A – MayoClinic.com.” Mayo Clinic Medical Information and Tools for Healthy Living – MayoClinic.com. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.