When adding a new houseplant in your home, the first step in making it happy is new soil. Plants purchased at the garden center or big box store may have been in less than ideal circumstances for awhile. Repotting into fresh, healthy soil and a sparkling, sanitary container can make all the diffference in the performance of your new addition.
Repotting an indoor plant should be done according to the plant’s needs. Some plants prefer to be tight in the pot. Research your plant to learn if it likes to be rootbound.. Compacted or unhealthy soil can make plants look droopy or stunted. Perhaps the drainage is not correct and you need to pot in a different medium. The roots may need to be trimmed; particularly on an older bonsai or a plant with root damage.
The answer to all of the above is repotting the plant. Water the plant completely a day, or at least a few hours before putting into a new pot.
Choose a Container and Media
Pick a container that suits the plants’ overall form and height. Plant tall plants in tall containers, short plants in shorter containers. The larger the spread of the roots, the wider the container may be. It is usually best to go up only one container size when repotting.
Choose a medium that provides appropriate nutrients and drainage. Good anchorage is important.
Get materials and container ready. If reusing a container, sterilize it with a 10-1 bleach solution.. Fill container with pre-moistened potting media, allowing room for placement of new plant.
In an area away from new container, remove plant from pot and remove all of the old potting soil. Cut the pot off, if necessary, but first try putting hands on the crown and turning upside down. Some plants will easily oblige.
Remove as much soil as possible and trim any roots that are damaged or in need of pruning. Root pruning will encourage new development of the root system.
Put the plant in the center of the new container with the crown near the top. Fill in with new media to within half an inch of the top. Press in, careful not to cause compaction, gently but firmly. Water over the soil surface. This may cause soil to settle, if so add more potting mix on top.
Use an attractive mulch to retain moisture, prevent evaporation and enhance the display. Locate the plant in proper light, away from vents and drafts. Your new plant is ready to become an asset to the household.