Rough framing is a term used to describe assembly of structural framing components. The rough part simply means that it is the first stage of framing before the finished product. I’ll show you the basics of rough framing from stud layout to wall setting tips and a few tricks of the trade. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or a complete amateur, you’re bound to learn something with rough framing basics!
Rough framing always begins with the layout. On the floor where you’ll be setting walls, you’ll need to layout where they belong once they are set. This will help you determine the length of plates, size of rooms and penetration locations for plumbing, electric and HVAC (heating, ventilation, air conditioning).
Measure off of the same location when possible to keep accurate measurements. Layout both sides of the wall plates and use a chalk line to snap lines on the floor. You can use a can of hairspray to fix the lines in place if you don’t plan on using them right away.
The top and bottom plates are what keeps the studs in place and allows you to secure the wall to the ceiling and the floor. A good plate layout starts with two equally cut top and bottom plates sandwiched together set on the skinny end facing up. Make sure both ends are flush with each other and pull the tape measure down the plates.
To get a correct 16″ on center layout, set each 16″ increment layout back ¾”. This will ensure the first piece of wall covering (plywood, drywall) fits on center and flush with the inside or outside of a corner. Without a ¾” setback your wall coverings will end up off at one end.
Assembling the components
After you layout the studs, layout the location of door openings and windows as needed. Now you can begin cutting and assembling components. All openings under 4′ need one jack and stud. A jack is the stud cut short for the header (top of the door). Nail the stud and jacks together along with the other components.
Simply spread apart the two plates and insert studs where they belong, nailing them as you go with two 12d nails. Insert the jacks and nail the headers in place. Now you can lift the wall and attach it as needed.