Power steering is a feature on many new vehicles that is designed to help drivers steer their vehicles more smoothly by directing the vehicle’s power across different wheels in the car. Various components in the gearbox of the car are designed to help improve the power steering experience and also aid drivers in controlling their vehicle in general. The power steering gearbox is the car component that aids with the steering of the car by adjusting the turning of the car wheels.
The torque converter is designed to assist the automatic transmission and the power assist steering. This converter allows drivers with vehicles that have an automatic transmission to temporarily shift into manual transmission by shifting up or shifting down. Having manual control over the car allows the motorist to give the car more power, which is beneficial when driving in adverse weather conditions when the motorist needs more power to get out of the snow. However, with manumatic, the car is still easier to drive. This converter is helpful for drivers who like to both spend some time in the city, which is easier with automatic transmission, and also spend some time traveling through the mountains and through mud, which is easier with a manual transmission. The torque converter comes with an installation kit which is designed to help the car owner force the torque converter into place.
Steering in general can become less effective when the hydraulic fluids leak out of the steering wheel. Also, harmful gunk can get inside the power steering and cause damage. Fortunately, steering cover seals are available that prevent materials from seeping in and out of the power steering, resulting in no loss in power steering capabilities. Other leak preventing components are the O-ring and lip seals.
Steering Flex Disk
The steering flex disk is found between various connection points in the power steering gearbox. This disk wears down over time and has to be replaced in order to ensure that the car continues to run smoothly.
Rack and Pinion
Some power steering gearboxes operate with a rack and pinion setup, sometimes with inner tie rods. The rack and pinion is a system where a gear with teeth is pushed by a pinion, which is a moving strip with teeth. This rack and pinion is sometimes called a steering rack.
Hydraulic fluids are a main component of most steering systems. The hydraulic fluids transfer much of the energy that turns the wheels of the car in the gearbox. However, some cars are now using electrical steering instead of hydraulic steering.