Our Oceans are a dumping ground for everything; “Out of sight out of mind” this is how it works on planet Earth. We Humans are experts at creating waste but bad at disposing of it: we burn it, bury it or sink it. The oceans are the largest food source on Earth, so it’s the worst place to dump our trash. The sea life will eat and absorb the chemicals and then we eat the sea life, then we start the cycle all over again.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, According to Project Kaisei (“ocean planet” in Japanese”) organized by the Ocean Voyages Institute, the project is based in San Francisco and Hong Kong. The research was conducted by two ships: the tall ship Kaisei, this project flag ship is 150-foot (46-meter) long, owned by Ocean Voyages Institution and the R/V New Horizon, this ship is 174-foot (53-meter) long, owned by Scripps Institution of Oceanography. They found in the Pacific Ocean floating debris, trapped by the currents of the North Pacific Gyre. This patch is 1,700 miles across at various depths and located 1000 miles, between the California Coast and Hawaii. In the samples taken, they all contained tiny confetti like plastic at varies depths, they also found in a return trip: Patio chairs, Styrofoam pieces, old toys, plastic buckets, shoe soles, fishing vessel buoys and fishing net entangled, with a large collection of debris.
The Great Atlantic Garbage Patch, located between Bermuda and the Azores Islands. It is 100’s of Kilometers across (100 Kilometers equals 62.13 Miles.) It contains similar debris to the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. It shift 1,600 km (990 mi) north and south seasonally. It basically covers thousands of square miles and is pushed together by the ocean currents.
The Indian Ocean Garbage Patch was discovered recently by 5 Gyres Institute located between Port Louis, Mauritius (Do East of Madagascar) and Perth, Australia. The 5 Gyres Institute, collected water samples in the 3,000 miles between Port Louis and Perth, they found that it was filled with plastic trash. The co-founder Anna Cummins and her husband Marcus Eriksen established the 5 Gyres Institute, to research plastic pollution in the world’s oceans. They worked together with Pangaea Explorations and Algalita Marine Research Foundation. The Gyres are powerful rotating currents. There are 5 subtropical Gyres located in the North and South Pacific, North and South Atlantic and the Indian Ocean.
According to Green Peace.org, 70 percent of plastic sinks to the bottom. In the North Sea, Dutch scientists have counted 110 pieces of litter for every square kilometer of the sea bottom. This amounts to a staggering 600,000 tons in the North Sea alone.
Also according to Green Peace there is 100 million tons of plastic produced every year, 10 percent end up in the sea. About 20 percent of this is dumping from ships and platforms, the rest is from land. If you take a walk on the beach anywhere in the world, you will find polypropylene fishing net, discarded lengths of rope, bottles, polythene plastic bags, polyurethane foam pieces, traffic cones, disposable lighters, toothbrushes and vehicle tires. These items have been thrown away on land and sea and then washed ashore by the wind and tide. Any animal that eat the plastic will be consuming highly toxic pollutants, the plastic acts like a chemical sponge that can concentrate many of the most damaging pollutants found in the world’s oceans.