The Scientific Revolution in American history took place during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It was during this time when scientists began to realize that it was important to have proof about scientific discoveries. People shouldn’t believe everything that they hear unless it has been proven. The following is an example of how people at that time believed in something that was not true:
Let’s pretend you are on a bridge and in one hand you had a ten pound ball and in the other hand, you had a one pound ball. Take a guess. Which ball do you think would reach the ground first if you dropped them both at the same time? If you guessed that the ten pound ball would reach the ground first, as most people would guess, you would be wrong. You may have thought this because the ten pound ball is heavier, so therefore it would reach the ground first. However, this is not so. Believe it or not, they would both reach the ground at the same time.
In those earlier days, people believed that the ten pound ball would reach the ground first because Aristotle, an ancient Greek philosopher believed this. At that time, people believed him because they thought he was an authority. They did not question him. Aristotle was wrong, however.
As time went on, scientists began to question people who were considered to be an authority. They made new discoveries about the world and they learned how to prove their beliefs.
It was during this era when scientists developed what was known as the Scientific Method. This means that they started testing things that they had heard about. Scientists no longer believed something was true just because someone said so. They wanted to prove it for themselves. Maybe you can think of some of the things that you have heard about that was suppose to be true, and then learned that when it was tested, turned out to be otherwise.
The Scientific Method has five steps. The first step is to ask a difficult question or state a problem, such as, which ball will drop to the ground first? The second step is to make a good guess about the answers. This guess is known as the hypothesis. The third step is to actually perform the experiment, as Aristotle should have done in order to find out which ball would reach the ground first. The fourth step is to write down what actually had happened during the experiment. The fifth step is to find out if your guess or what is known as hypothesis was right. In order to be considered right, another scientist should be able to do the same test and get the same result. In today’s world, this is what modern scientists do in order to prove something.
Source: History of our World ‘” People, Place and Ideas