Understanding the order of flats and sharps is one of the most basic needs for understanding music and especially music theory. In music, everything builds off one another, and without this crucial knowledge as your foundation, you will not be able to succeed so easily.
Luckily for you, this concept is not a very hard one, though it can take a little while until you don’t have to think about it anymore. In fact, some people never memorize the order of sharps and flats. They just remember a few simple phrases to get themselves by.
The order of sharps is as follows: F, C, G, D, A, E, B. Now, that may seem like a lot to memorize, but like I said, you really don’t have to memorize them. There are several anagrams you can use to remind yourself of the order in which the sharps go. My personal favorite is “Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Bagels.” Another good one you may chose to use is “Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battles.” This one is the favorite of my music teacher and I will tell you why when we discuss flats.
The order of flats is as follows: B, E, A, D, G, C, F. The easiest way for me to remember these is following the anagram “BEAD Greatest Common Factor.” If you notice, the order of flats is just like the order of sharps, but backward. This is where the “Father Charles” comes into play. When reversed, you can say the same words as follows: “Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles’ Father.” See what I mean?
Anyway you chose to remember your order of flats and sharps is fine. The important part is to just be able to remember them. Feel free to make up your own anagrams! Whatever way you chose to learn these, you will succeed. Good luck!