Every writer should know the five Ws. Who, What, Where, When and Why are five questions we look to answer when writing an article. The same concept applies to creative writing. Using the five Ws will help young writers develop the plot, setting and characters in their creative writing.
Students will learn about and apply the five Ws concept as they begin to write a creative story.
Students should know how to write a complete sentence and know the basic concepts of what makes a story. Each story has a beginning, a conflict, and a resolution to the conflict. Introducing a story pyramid lesson prior to this writing lesson is helpful.
Find a captivating news article or magazine article that is age appropriate for the children. Give them a highlighter and ask them to highlight the important parts of the story.
Give each child five different colored highlighters or pens. Explain the following:
Who: Who is the story or article about?
What: What happened?
Where: Where did it happen? What country, state or city?
When: When did it happen? What time or day did it happen?
Why: Why it happened?
Ask the students to recite who, what, where, when and why. Once it is apparent that the concept is understood, have them re-read the article you provided to them. Assign each W a color and have the students underline the parts of the article that answers the five questions. Explain to them that some events are very detailed or may extend past a single day or place.
If the children made a story pyramid in a prior lesson have them use the story pyramid and the five Ws to create a basis for their story. The children should be able to start writing an outline or rough draft.
Cross Curricular Activities
Show students a short science related video. Ask them to take notes and see if they can answer the five questions about the video they just saw.
Have students write a mathematical word problem using the five Ws. Explore an art museum or view artwork online. Look at realistic and abstract paintings and sculptures. See if they can apply the five Ws to the artwork and its artist.
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