In many cities across the country, many people who have dreamed of moving to their dream home have had their dreams put on hold, some of them permanently. However, many people like their home, they just want more space. If you have a single story home, you can get more space. Add a second story.
Second Story Addition
A second story addition is a great way to double the square footage of your home, without having to build an entirely new house. The yard is also left intact, keeping the size of the property the same, adding more value to the overall property.
Removing The Roof
Removing the roof is the first step in adding a second story to a home. Chances are, the old ceiling joists that will now be the floor joists, are not going to be strong enough to support the weight load of another living space above it. Floor joists should be a minimum of 2x8s but 2x10s and 2×12 are a much stronger floor system. This also leaves plenty of room to pitch plumbing lines within the floor.
The walls have to be framed to the current building code with 2x6s and should be 8 feet tall. Framing the walls 16 inches on center will create a strong wall system. If possible, the framing of the original house walls (if 16 on center) should match up with the framing on the top floor so that electrical , plumbing, and heating can be easily ran and for proper structural load distribution.
The New Roof
The new roof will have to be a low pitch to maintain height retractions that are set in many jurisdictions. 35 feet tall is a common restriction, but can vary from municipality to municipality.
Remember that when performing a 2nd story remodel, you will not be able to live in the house as you remodel it. This is a very extensive remodel that will completely change the layout and style of your home so be prepared for budget fluctuations of up to 20% of total project cost.
Tax Incentives and Rebates
The more energy efficiency measures that you can perform and green products you can use, the larger the tax incentives and rebates will be. To see what is available in your areas in terms of rebates and tax incentives, visit http://www.dsireusa.org/. This site lists the most complete database for the United States of tax incentives, rebate, and grant programs available to the public.