A home inspection is an invaluable tool used by home buyers and sellers to verify the authenticity of the claims that the home is in a certain condition as described. It can outline the overall condition of the property, identify maintenance issues and provide a written unbiased review of the homes overall closing value. All home inspections follow a basic category outline:
Description of the Property
This defines the grade, drain fields, soil grades, weather conditions, compass location, land lines, slopes, landscapes, patios, fences, sidewalks, retaining walls, electrical and plumbing outlets or other hardscape features of the property.
Inspectors next look at a homes exterior condition. These include siding, shutters, trim, paint, caulking, fascia, soffit, eaves, porches, decks, railings, stairs, house/garage doors and windows.
The next step for a home inspector is to investigate the roof. They will look for damage to roofing materials, flashing, chimneys, skylights and any other roofing penetrations like vents or stacks. Signs of aging are noted.
Now comes the fun part. An inspector must explore the crawlspaces for any signs of foundation damage, water or electrical problems, heating or ventilation duct malfunctions or termite and rodent infestation. All of these can be signs of serious problems.
The interior of the home is itself checked for any serious problems as well as the rest of the home. Appliances are tested, floors are checked for plumb, smoke detectors are turned and checked for new batteries, electrical and plumbing fixtures are tested, doors are swung open and closed and in some cases energy consumption is monitored and pressure tests are done to check for insulation air leaks.
Well pumps are checked, water softeners are tested, pressure meters are placed on the main line and water quality can be tested. Sewage is also included in this phase as water goes in it also goes out. Septic lines are inspected, sewer hatches are investigated and even toilets are flushed.
All in all, the anatomy of a home inspection is a thorough and complete process of evaluating your home. A good home inspector will find numerous problems you would never have found before you purchase-or sell any home, new or old, big or small.