Today we will look at what it takes to put brake pads on a 2000 Venture van. We will discuss the tools needed for this project first. We will then discuss the parts. Lastly we will discuss the how and why.
I hope you find this information both helpful and accurate, I have been a mechanic for over twenty years, however I haven’t been professional in over ten.
The tools needed are :
1) a jack,
2) jack stand
3) lug wrench
4) 3/8 socket set
5) 6in. to 12in of small rubber tubing
6) a medicine dropper
7) a 8in c-clamp
8) torque wrench
You must make sure the capacity of the jack is large enough to safely lift the tire from the ground. Make sure of capacity of the jack stand also your life may depend on it. It is strongly recommended that you use a four way lug wrench, but any that is the right size will work just fine. The socket set needs to contain both S.A.E. and Metric sizes and at least a ratchet, a 3/8 pull handle would come in handy though. The c-clamp must be large, at least a 8inch size.The tubing must be about six to 12 inches in length and be able to fit snugly on the spout end of the medicine dropper. A “click click” torque wrench will work OK, but I prefer the meter type and it must have a high enough foot lbs as to get the job done.
You should always inspect each part for wear and be ready to replace or rebuild it as required. The first part you may encounter, if you don’ t have custom wheels, is the wheel cover or hubcap as its sometimes called.. After removing the hubcap your next part(s) will be the lugs. Behind the lugs is the wheel. Encasing the wheel is the tire. Upon removing the tire and wheel you notice this large metal disk, this is called a rotor. There is this big metal cap on the rotor this is called the caliper.Inside the caliper is the pads.
The first thing you need to do is to park the van on a hard level surface such as a drive way or garage floor. Set the parking brake, and make sure the transmission is in park. Next remove the hub cap, if applicable, . Take your lug wrench and break lose the lugs do not loosen or remove them yet. Now it is time to jack your vehicle, so choose a suitable place to place the jack, ( Refer to the owners manual). After finding the proper location for the jack begin raising the vehicle slowly till the tire is about 1 inch above the ground. Place a jack stand under the uni-body frame, or some other solid place. Slowly lower the jack till the stand and the jack are both supporting the vehicle. Now you can safely remove the lugs and tire from the vehicle. Be sure to inspect all parts for abnormal wear and faults, replace with new ones if needed.
With the rotor exposed visually inspect it for ridges or grooves cut into by a worn out pad. Turn the steering so the caliper is pointing toward the outside of the vehicle. Choose a socket the proper size to fit the two bolts on top and bottom of the rotor,(usually a 15mm). Loosen the bolts by turning them counter clockwise, then remove them. Using your ratchet handle or jack handle apply a small amount of pressure to the back of the caliper to loosen the pressure on the pads, and remove the caliper.
Raise the hood on the van and locate the master cylinder. Remove the cap, and insert the rubber tube in the reservoir. Install the medicine dropper in the tube and evacuate about two droppers of fluid.
Take your c-clamp and place it over the caliper, using one of the old pads over the piston, slowly begin applying pressure until the piston is all the way in. Install the new pads in the caliper. You can now replace the caliper over the rotor, making sure to obtain proper alignment of the bolt holes. Replace the bolts and tighten them to the required torque specs.(refer to owners manual of shop manual).
Replace the tire, replace the lugs and tighten to torque specs. Replace the hubcap if applicable. Raise jack just enough to remove stand, then lower vehicle.
Repeat the above process for the other side. Upon completion of both sides replace fluid into master cylinder
and pump brake pedal till it builds up resistance. Start van and test brakes before driving.
With every vehicle there are two ways of replacing the brake pads, pay someone to do it, or do it your self. I always do it myself, but due to time constraint, or lack of knowledge, or both, you may choose to pay someone to do it for you. If you do make sure they are qualified and that they are trustworthy. The lives of you, your children, and others are riding on the brakes and there stopping ability.