Before we look at how these two major religions differ lets first look at the similarities. First of all both religions are monotheistic religions, meaning they both believe that there is only one God or Goddess. I know many people think that Muslims worship Allah, but Allah is just the Arabic word for God, therefore Allah and God are the same person. They both believe that there are demons and angels. They both believe that those who do not follow the word of God or are evil will be sent to an eternal hell. They also both believe in the teachings of Jesus. Though they have many differences when it comes to him as well they both believe that he was born of a virgin birth. They also believe that there will be a second coming of Jesus.
The first difference to discuss would be what book they read religiously. Christians read the Bible, which consists of The Old Testament(Jewish Bible) and the New Testament, while Muslims(followers of Islam) read The Qur’an or Koran. The inspiration for their sacred texts also varies, while Christians say theirs came from the literal word of God, human accounts, and human origins, Muslims believe it came only from the literal word of God.
The next place to discuss their differences is their views when it comes to God. While they both believe he is the one creator Christians believe he is by nature a trinity(one substance, three persons) while Muslims believe in unity(one substance, one person). Now there is the differences they have when it comes to Jesus. Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God, God incarnate, and savior of the world, Muslims view him as a true prophet of God whose word was corrupted. Muslims believe that Jesus didn’t die that he simply ascended to heaven, that a prophet took his place on the cross. While humans think he had a death by crucifixion. Since Muslims don;t believe that he died they don’t believe in the Resurrection of Jesus as Christians do.
The next major differences start in where, when, and how they worship. Christians worship in church, chapel, cathedral, basilica, or meeting hall while Muslims worship in a mosque. These different places of worship have very different architecture. For Christians the day of worship is Sunday where as it is Friday for Muslims. Muslims religious leaders are called imams, Caliphs, and Grand Ayatollah while Christian’s are called priests, pastors, bishops, archbishops, pope, deacons, and ministers. Christians religious holidays include Christmas, Easter, Lent, Holy Week, and saint;s days, while Muslims include Mawlid, Ashura, Eid-al-Fitr, Eid-al-Adha, and the month of Ramadan.