Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, which is often referred to as PCOS, is one of the most common causes of female infertility. While many women realize that this gynecological condition can affect their ability to become pregnant easily, few are aware of how it affects their pregnancy after conception. Is there a link between PCOS and miscarriage?
PCOS Increases the Risk of Miscarriage
According to the American Diabetes Association, there is a higher occurrence of miscarriage among women who have Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. While only minimal research has been done at this point, several reasons are thought to explain the link between PCOS and miscarriage. These reasons include lower egg quality due to insulin resistance and late cycle ovulation, increased levels of a luteinizing hormone, and embryo development problems due to increased levels of glucose and insulin.
There may also be a link between the age in which a woman with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome becomes pregnant and miscarriage. Many women who have PCOS are unable to become pregnant right away. Once the gynecological condition has been diagnosed, the woman will generally work out a plan with her doctor or visit a fertility specialist, who will often recommend in-vitro fertilization. Women who become later in life are known to be at a greater risk of miscarriage.
Preventing Miscarriage with PCOS
It is very challenging to determine the cause of any miscarriage. There are things that you can do to lower the risk, however. Remaining stress-free, following a healthy diet, and exercising on a regular basis is beneficial. Note that there is a link between diabetes and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. It is important to keep glucose levels under control, manage preexisting diabetes during pregnancy, and be aware of the risk of gestational diabetes.
Getting Pregnant After a Miscarriage
It is important to wait until you are emotionally ready before making the decision to get pregnant again. Most health care providers will recommend you to wait at least one month. The good news is that most women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome find that their menstrual cycles return to normal and actually have an easier time getting pregnant the second time around, according to the American Diabetes Association.
If you are a woman with PCOS who is trying to become pregnant or has already become pregnant, it is important to notify your health care provider. It is also important to notify him or her of any other health problems that you may have, such as high cholesterol or diabetes. Being honest about any preexisting health problems can help ensure that you are receiving quality care and sound medical advice throughout your pregnancy.
American Diabetes Association, “Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).”