Pulcheria is the mother of Rasknolnikov who creates a tone of aggravation as she conveys a sense of patronymic and cognitive distortion through her letter. She inscribes on how Dunya is getting married to alleviate both Rodion’s and Pulcheria’s living conditions, which causes Rodion to become enraged through his haughty attitude. Although Pulcheria may have not specifically desired Rodion to feel more significant than his sister, her notions could be earnestly depicted.
Thus, Rasknolnikov views Luzhin with disdain and when Luzhin finally visits Rasknolnikov that stored contempt is illustrated. Rodion states, “Go to hell,” the words that typify his emotions, and desires Luzhin to depart from his family (Dostoyevsky 148). Another instance of Pulcheria’s influence is when Luzhin states, “I was a long way from imagining that she was…presenting the matter in such a…distorted way,” where he portrays the means Pulcheria aggravated individuals by deception (Dostoyevsky 147). Pulcheria is not an individual filled with vice, but her traditional views remain within her and manage to obscure her writing to convey her to be such.
Character Analysis on Marmeladov
Marmeladov is an intoxicated and pathetic man who symbolizes the laggard portion of society as he drives to receive pity through his own faults. As the conversation on the hay barge occurs, Marmeladov’s wretched attitude can be depicted as he monotonously rambles about his horrible life. The audience at the bar is continuously exposed to Marmeladov’s sob stories and commonly state, “Clown…why aren’t you working?” to illustrate their frustration with Marmeladov (Dostoyevsky 11). The hosts at the bar have become aware of Marmeladov’s lackadaisical attempts to receive an occupation and desire him to amend his wrongs by following through with a more righteous perception.
Marmeladov’s degenerate actions are further represented as he takes Rodion with him to prove that his life is not what it should be. Marmeladov makes an effort to justify his actions by stating, “Let her beat me; it distracts her…It is better,” but this explanation is no more than a bitter excuse (Dostoyevsky 22). Marmeladov allows his daughter, Sonya, to fall into a life of prostitution and still has the audacity to ask her for money. From these occurrences, Marmeladov is ultimately portrayed as character disencumbered by debauched deeds that will cease to halt in depraved actions.
Analysis on how Raskolnikov is affected by his visit with Fomich and Petrovich
During the visit with both Nikodim Fomich and Ilya Petrovich, emotions of curiosity, contempt and pain are portrayed to cloud Rasknolnikov’s mind as he cautiously addresses the subject of matter. When Rodion first receives the letter to report to the police station, he is instantly bewildered and desires to know the reason he is being summoned. Rodion states, “What’s going on here…why all of a sudden today?” to represent his feelings of inquisitiveness (Dostoyevsky 89).
As Rasknolnikov enters the station his train of thought continuously shifts as altering perceptions begin to take a foothold. In the conversation with Ilya, Raskolnikov states, “I’m a student, and don’t permit myself to be shouted at,” to convey his displeasure and scorn toward the assistant district superintendent’s (93). Raskolnikov becomes angered at Ilya and desires him to show respect for those he deals with.
Later, a feeling of pain affects Raskolnikov as he speaks to Nikodim Fomich. This feeling is described as “the most painful of all sensations he had experienced in his lifetime” by the narrator, and leads to Rodion’s brief unconsciousness (99). This pain can be portrayed as the process of justification. Since Rodion was not willing to confess and turn himself in for the murder, his physical body and state of mind will continue to deteriorate.
The uneasiness Raskolnikov experiences is again illustrated as brief answers, including “Yes, I went out” and “Along the street,” are given in order to hastily leave the station (101). Illya Petrovich also states, “Brief and the point” to describe the concise responses of Rodion (101). Through the process of visiting and communicating with the two major law enforcers Raskolnikov is hindered by a wide set of emotions and feeling: curio when shocked by a summoning, hatred when disrespected by Petrovich, pain when unable to give in.
Analysis on Raskolnikov’s dream with Petrovich and the landlady
In the dream where Raskolnikov imagines his landlady being beaten by Ilya Petrovich, the theme of insanity and justice being persistent tormentors is primarily focused upon. When Rodion first hears a shriek he is alarmed and believes he is awake. Given that both his body and mind are in an ill state – as a consequence for the murder – Raskolnikov remains awake pondering the reasons for Illya’s actions.
Rodion finds it difficult to accept that he is dreaming and convinces himself that “He heard all too clearly!”(111). His insanity progresses to torment him as he succumbs to the notion that crowds of quarrelsome individuals are forming along the stairs. Rodion continues to state, “But, God, how come! Why did he call here!” to represent his terror stricken attitude toward the hysteria (111). The audience eventually dies down, but even in the aftermath of the incident, Raskolnikov remains a victim of justice and madness as Nastasia states, “It’s the blood” (112). Unaware that Nastasia is referring to the blood clogging in his body, Rodion panics and replies, “Blood! What Blood?” (112).
Rodion has become so feeble and susceptible to his own fear that he ceases to perceive ideas outside from Aliona’s death. Continually righteousness is portrayed as the cause of Rodion’s poor health, given that he has been in this delirious state since the day of his wicked execution. The tormentors have remained in an unrelenting path to insure themselves as the guardian of the golden rule; justice.
Dostoevsky, Fyodor. Crime and Punishment. Trans. Constance Garnett. New York: Modern Library, 1950.