Welcome back. This is day 2 of our series on using punctuation and capitalization. I hope you are ready to learn because we are going to learn about some ways we can use periods. Let’s get started!
Day 2, Lesson 2:
What is the proper way to use a period in abbreviations?
- It is important to use a period after abbreviated words. An abbreviated word is a shortened word. Here are some examples.
Mr. John Smith Jr.
Ms. Allie Jones
Dr. Jonathan Johnson
ed. (As in edition)
Anna Phillips, Ph.D.
p./pp. (as in page/s)
Johnson and Co.
Rockefeller & Assoc.
Vol. (as in volume)
1.) It is very important that you do not leave spaces within an abbreviation.
(Example of the right way and the wrong way to space an abbreviation).
Wrong way… Ph. D.
Right way… Ph.D.
2.) It is also very important that you do not use double periods at the end of a sentence ending with an abbreviated word.
(Example of the right way and the wrong way to punctuate a sentence ending with an abbreviation as well as a period).
Wrong way… John went to school to become a Ph.D..
Right way… John went to school to become a Ph.D.
3.) It is not correct to use abbreviations in the two-letter state abbreviations, as is preferred by the U.S. Postal Service.
(Examples of the wrong way and the right way the U.S. Post Office prefers us to write our state abbreviations.)
Wrong way… N.Y., Ny., N.y., n.y., NY.
Right way… NY
As it is important not to abbreviate these with periods note that both letters are capitalized.
4.) Never use a period with metric units of measure either.
(Examples of the wrong and right ways to write metric abbreviations).
Wrong way… k.g., Kg., kg., K.G.
Right way… kg, L, m, cm
I hope you will come learn with me tomorrow as we continue learning about periods.
This is a series you won’t want to miss. Daily I will review aspects of punctuation and then capitalization. We will learn when and where to use them properly.
So if you are a teacher,student or just want a review, check with me daily to collect the entire series.
Flipper! book published by Jack Cushman. Copyright 2000
No direct quotes were taken from the book.
and Lessons learned by Atlanta Page