End Stage Liver Disease (ESLD) effects many individuals each year. The disease is brought on by viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, genetic disorders, metastic cancers and autoimmune disorders. Individuals who absorb a significant amount of alcohol are at high risk of liver tissue scarring. This will lead to cirrhosis, ultimately will go into liver failure and end results ESLD.
I have watched ESLD first hand send a family member through all types of changes. Some days are good but mostly they suffer in pain. Their ESLD is due to being exposed to hepatitis C at an earlier stage in their life. There are drugs that will slow down the process and with a proper diet one can live an active life up to a certain amount of time. Individuals in ESLD will not survive without a liver transplant.
Those individuals with ESLD are monitored and observed to see how much toxins their body is being exposed to. Those suffering from end stage liver disease do not have a high life expectancy. Their expectancy is actually extremely low.
Individuals receiving a liver transplant have three different types of options. This will depend upon the age and severity of the liver. Orthopic transplantation is when a completely whole diseased liver is replaced with a cadaveric donors healthy liver. Heterotopic transplantation is used when there is a good chance that a diseased unhealthy liver will recover. The new liver will be kept and placed elsewhere. Then there is reduced-size liver transplantation, this procedure is the replacement of a whole unhealthy liver with just a portion of a healthy liver. This procedure is done mostly in young children. The liver can be cut into eight healthy parts. These different parts will allow more than one child with ESLD to receive a portion of the healthy liver.
Even after an individual with ESLD receives a liver transplant there is a good possibility the body will reject the liver. If the person’s body does not reject the liver the patient will be put on medications that they will have to take for the rest of their life. These medications are to keep the body from rejecting the liver. Patients are also giving antiobiotics to keep their body from acquiring infections.
End of Stage Liver Disease is irreversible. The disease will lead to death if a successful liver transplant is not performed. Not all patients with ESLD are candidates for a liver transplant. These individuals will eventually die.