There are many people who do not try to plant a garden in the fall because of the weather. It gets colder and you never know if that winter type weather will make an appearance or not. However, fall gardening can provide you with vegetables and an extension of crops even after the spring gardens are finished. When vegetables are grown in the fall, they are sometimes milder and sweeter than the vegetables that grow in the summer. In addition, growing vegetables in the fall will give you another chance to save money on the vegetables that you would buy in the store.
Just like growing a spring garden, what you grow in your fall garden will depend on the crops you choose to grow and the space you have to grow them in. You should also learn beforehand which plants you can actually grow during the fall. Depending on the area, some of the crops that grow in the heat will still grow until the winter frost arrives. This includes tomatoes, peppers, and sweet potatoes. However, some plants will stop growing by the end of the summer. This includes summer squash, cucumbers, and snap-beans. There are some vegetables that can be planted in the middle of the summer and be harvest until the early frosts of winter. Then there are tougher vegetables that can grow until the temperature reaches around twenty degrees. Vegetables that are not as tough will only be able to grow through the lighter winter weather and frosts. If you have plants that are root and tuber and the tops of them are killed by the cold weather, then do not worry. You see, if a large about of mulch is used on these root and tuber plants, then the edible part can be saved.
When you are planning out your fall garden, you should be sure to pick the vegetables with the shortest growing season. The reason for this is to make sure the vegetables will fully grow and be harvest before winter. When buying the seed packages, you can find some that are labeled as “early season”. You can also find seeds that are boasting at the fewest days to maturity. There are many seeds for fall gardening that are not usually not kept in stock as the summer ends, so you should go and buy then in the spring or early summer. The seeds will keep until you are ready to plant them as long as you store them in a cool and dry location.
Of course you will want to know the best time to start on your fall garden. To do that, you need to know when the winter weather and the harder frost is going to hit your area. There are many who would recommend using checking the Farmer’s Almanac, as they are rarely ever wrong and can give you the exact dates. In addition, you will also need to research the plants you would like to grow and find out exactly how long it will take them to mature.
Before you start on your fall gardening, you must get the soil ready by removing any crops and weeds that are left over from the spring and summer. If you do leave these remaining crops in the garden, then they can end up spreading bacteria and disease, which is not healthy at all. To increase the nutrients, spread a few inches of mulch or compost over the garden area. If the plants from the spring were heavily fertilized, then you may not need to spread as much or any mulch or compost. You will also need to till the top layer of soil, wet it down, and then let it set for around twelve to twenty-four hours. Once these steps are completed and the soil has sent, you will be ready to start planting your fall garden.
Dealing with the frosts of winter can be enough to discourage some from taking part in fall gardening. But if the vegetables are tough and strong, then they will be able to resist a few of the winter’s frosts. In the end, you will have a delicious vegetable garden that will last you for a little while, rather than having to end the gardening it at the end of the summer.