Fetal growth retardation may be difficult to recognize especially during the earlier stages of a pregnancy. The fetus does not grow correctly in a pregnant. The disorder is also called intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Malnutrition, smoking, hypertension and drug use can all lead to fetal growth retardation. The condition is usually recognized by physicians when the fundal height is more in centimeters than normally predicted.
Women who suspect they are at risk of fetal growth retardation should seek the advice of a health care professional. Health care providers can perform a health care check.
The physician will take measures and document the uterine fundal height. During a woman’s 20th and 30th week of pregnancy the uterine fundal height should equal the gestation week. The physician usually will measure a woman’s stomach with a tape measure.When a physician suspects one of their patients are at risk for fetal growth retardation, a physician will recommend further evaluation with and usually will encourage their patient to have an ultrasound. Ultrasound show images of a uterine fetus progression. Different parts of a baby can be detected during an ultrasound such as the size of a baby’s head.Early detection is the key to finding out if a woman will has fetal growth retardation. Physicians will also be able to determine if a woman has a decrease flow of amniotic fluid. This is one of the signs of fetal growth retardation.
Fetal growth retardation is a very serious condition. Most children born with the condition will not survive. Children born with the condition may experience hypoglycemia, meconium aspiration and other diseases.
Other tests given to check for fetal growth retardation is a non-stress test. The test is called non stress because it does not put the fetus under any duress. A belt is wrapped around the mother’s stomach and this is done to measure a fetal heart rate and to see if there is any movement. The non-stress test is usually done around the 28th week. If there is no movement a professional will ring a buzzer to arouse the baby. Different providers sometimes use different methods. The Doppler and the venous device is also used to as non-stress test devices.
There are no treatments for fetal growth retardation. Pregnant women are usually monitored closely after being diagnosed with the condition. It is important for individuals to keep their doctors’ appointments and report any rare conditions or symptoms they may experience during the pregnancy.