Most of us in one way or another have known someone who has had a heart attack. Although we don’t like to hear about someone who has had one, it is interesting to know that there are many disorders of the heart that may help us understand the different problems that can occur in the heart.
Structural abnormalities are among the most common birth defects that can cause heart problems. The good news is that they are usually treatable. It is caused when something went wrong while the fetus was being developed. Some of the damages to the heart of the fetus can be holes in the heart and some type of abnormal heart valve.
Having an infection of the heart valve have been known to cause problems. An infection can occur in people whose hearts have already been damaged by rheumatic fever. Drug addicts can get an infection in the heart when they inject themselves intravenously with needles that have not been sterilized. An infection may cause deformity and malfunctioning of any of the valves of the heart.
Muscle disorders of the heart has been known to cause problems. Sometimes a disorder of the muscle can be inherited. Another cause for a muscle disorder can be caused by vitamin deficiency or alcohol poisoning. A viral infection has been known to cause a muscle disorder also. When there is an infection of then muscle of the heart, there possibly can be an inflammation in the part that is infected.
This may be difficult to believe by some, but nutritional deficiency can cause muscle problems of the heart. When there is lack of protein or calories, heart problems can occur. a Thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency which is common in chronic alcoholics, can cause what is known as beriberi with congestive heart failure.
There are several ways in which a doctor or other medical professionals can find out more about what is going on with a patient’s heart regarding diseases and disorders. Heart imaging is a technique that provide images of the heart and its structure. Imaging is performed to detect structural abnormality, disease, or impaired function.
A chest x-ray is the simplest and most widely used method of obtaining an image of the heart It can show the heart size and whether there is calcification in the valves or blood vessels. Fluid in the lungs can also show up in an x-ray.
Angiography can be performed to show the heart chambers. Children with congenital heart disease may benefit from this procedure. Angiography is also performed to evaluate the state of the coronary arteries in patients with coronary heart disease and it helps with decisions about valve replacements. There is so much to learn about the heart, and since it is one of the most important organs in out body, I plan to write more on this subject in the near future.
Source: The American Medical Association, Encyclopedia of Medicine