Fences are used by home owners and businesses for privacy, as a barrier for noise and as a way to mark property boundaries. A well built fence can be built in a weekend. Learning how to build a fence is relatively easy with the correct tools and building materials.
A fence can be built in any style and in a range of heights. They can be left in their natural state or covered with a coat of paint. To help determine how tall your fence to be, take a walk around yard while a family member hold up a piece of cardboard cut to the height of the finished fence. This will give a good idea of the length of wood needed for the fence.
Plan to use concrete to secure the posts into the ground and to hold up the fence. Anything from stone, metal, wood, plastic or even plants or shrubs can be used to construct a fence. Just make sure the materials do not violate any home-owners association rules or city ordinances. A living fence can be planted using shrubs, a trellis with climbing plants to form a fence.
Before getting started, read the ordinances and codes about building in your neighborhood. It would be disappointing to build the perfect 5-ft. high privacy fence, only to find out that is is against home owner rules or the next-door neighbors can easily see over when they are upstairs in their home.
Deciding on the type of fence to make can take some time if you are going to look at all of the options. A drive through different neighborhoods can give an idea of the different styles that wok best for your landscape. It is not a good idea to choose a fence that does not fit in with the rest of the homes on the street.
Whatever style is chosen, it should also compliment the home next door. It is a good idea to inform your neighbors of your plans to build, to warn them of hammering and sawing noises.
After you have decided on the type of fence you will build and the type of wood or building material to use, it is time to get everything needed to finish the project. Make sure the size and type of fence you have decided to build is allowed. Some zones do not allow certain types of construction – without proper consent.
When taking on the task of building a privacy fence, you will need the following items:
*Boards & Posts
*Post Hole Digger
*Steel measuring tape
*Small Axe or Hatchet
*Nails and/or screws
*Paint or Outdoor Stain
*Marking Pencil and paper
*Gravel, sand or concrete mix
Building The Fence
Take measurements of the material and calculate how much is needed. When building a picket fence, do not calculate the spacing in between the pickets. After gaining permission to build a fence and all of the materials are ready, it is time to start building.
A fence on the border-line will need a blue-print of the land to pinpoint the exact border.
Garden fences can be started with a line draw around the entire yard and garden to gain a concise perspective of what is needed. Be sure to include the driveway, trees, utilities and any outbuildings.
After completing the drawing – add the fence at the designated location. Build the fence at least one inch away from the neighbors’ property line.
Twine can be used with stakes, to outline the location where the fence will be constucted.
Holes have to be dug for the wood, so make sure to buy it long enough to account for the part in the ground.
Make room for error. Purchase several more posts than you think you will need.
Building a fence is a lot easier when everything is done in the correct order.
1] Get permission from the Homeowners Association and/or the city.
2] When building a privacy fence – look at blueprints to know exactly where the property line is and mark the fence line.
3] Check to see how high the boards need to be for privacy.
4] Purchase enough material and supplies
5] Use the flour to measure and mark where the post will be to mark the digging area. The holes should be at least eight feet apart.
For a more secure fence, dig the holes so that at least one third of the post will be buried. In regions with heavy rain or heavy snow, it will be wise to bury the post deeper than one third.
Put all posts in the holes and use a lever to make sure they are all the same height and evenly inserted in the ground.
*Pour quick drying cement into the hole. Someone may need to hold the post while the cement is poured.
*After pouring, check to make sure each post is even. Let the cement dry and stabilize for 24 hours or more.
* The next day, attach the cross pieces of the fence using a drill, nails and/or screws.
* Measure the distance between the posts, there should be an equal amount of distance between each post. The deeper the holes are dug for the posts, the stronger the fence will be.
* At least two gates should be planned if the fence will surround the entire property.
* A garden fence may not need a door if it is a decorative straight line fence.
Attach the posts after the cement has dried and the cross posts has been secured to the posts. Leaving a small space between each board, nail them to the cross pieces until the fence is completed.
Paint can add a final touch to the newly constructed fence. Oil based paint will last for as long as four to seven years. The paint can be clear, or it can be a color that blend with the paint on the building.
If this is too much work, you can always buy a fence or a fence kit at the local garden center or on the Internet. There are dozens of styles and varieties to choose from.