In a time where the economy seems to dictate many to grow and make their own produce, homestead farming is not only timely, but most of all, a wise and creative move towards a healthy lifestyle. To grow wheat in your very own homestead, follow the following steps.
Choose the type of wheat. White and red are two varieties of wheat primarily grown in the United States , with the latter being more common and more preferred due to its tastier yields. You may buy your wheat seeds from seed supply houses or local organic stores.
Consider planting time. In growing wheat, it would be better to consider the benefits of planting them between late September and middle of October. Winter wheat tends to be healthier than spring wheat. Fewer weeds grow during these months and the soil is generally protected during winter months. Get a good head start to establish healthy wheat roots, but also try not to make it too early to avoid pest problems.
Plotting. Create your wheat plot about 10 feet by 10 feet. This may not be sizable, but it should be suitable enough to accommodate your homegrown wheat.
Choose soil. Choose only good and rich soil to plant your wheat seeds. Remember that you will yield more harvests depending on how healthy your soil is. It should be rich and moist enough for the wheat grow and propagate faster
Prepare planting bed. Before planting the seeds, make sure the planting ground is even. Use a rototiller or shovel and rake to make the ground relatively even.
Plant the seeds. Sprinkle the seeds on your garden bed, about 3 ounces for every 100 feet. As an added precautionary measure against feeding birds, make sure that you rake the plot for needed cover and protection. You may also consider the drilling method. Instead of sprinkling the seeds, make a hole in the ground every six inches and plant as many seeds as you can per hole. Wheat will grow in bunches across your plotting area.
Time to harvest. Your wheat is ready for harvesting when the color starts turning to gold. This usually happens in June. Use a scythe or a sharp blade to cut the stalks. Bind the stalks into bundles at the head and foot using twine or a bunch of stems and let them stand upright in your garden and wait for the grain to ripen. You’ll know it’s ripe when it turns to a full golden color. Make sure that the heads are dry before you thresh and winnow the grains. Thresh the grains by firmly holding a huge quantity of ripe wheat and beat them around the inside of a barrel. Discard the stalks once the grains fall off. Win or separate the wheat from the chaff by pouring the wheat from one pot to another in a solid breeze. The breeze will carry the chaff away. You may also use a fan in the absence of a breeze. Place your wheat in storage using barrels, bags or in any other substitute, so long as it is dry, cool and free from pests.
Growing Grains on a Small Farm – http://www.thefec.org/node/878