First, organizational leadership needs to assume responsibility of limiting the impact of the effects of the whistle blowing, minimizing public criticism and stabilizing public image. The effective organizational leader will keep an atmosphere of openness active and encourage followers to bring out problems which concern the governance and function of the organization. Communication from followers to organizational leadership can be embedded in the Human Resource Department. Recognition by management of the need for followers to express grievances through a formal channel not only affirms to the public and the organization that leadership is concerned about addressing issues, it also limits the detrimental effect of negative public opinion against the organization.
Second, organizational training should be initiated and maintained to address ethics issues. Formal ethics issues should be published and steps to handle issues of concern must be made available. Organizations can establish telephone numbers and e-mail accounts to address corruption issues and also maintaining anonymity. Accountability personnel or their equivalent should be identified and assigned to handle issues of corruption as they arise. The adoption of a zero tolerance policy for corruption or contravening of ethics policy should be the organizational norm. Employees should be made to feel comfortable in bringing forth important issues. Management should be trained in how to handle matters of whistle blowing, seeking to instill knowledge and expertise in legal implications. As an outgrowth of this organizational development for handling the whistle blower, a neutral external source should be identified for reporting developments of crucial nature. A culture of honesty must be established and maintained through recruitment, training and performance appraisals. This establishes and maintains an ethical working environment.
Third, organizations need to understand the courage and moral integrity a whistle blower has, and that their motive is to confront corruption and illegal activity. The whistle blower can be subject to injury and loss such as job loss, avoidance, counter measures to get even as well as put downs. Organizations should take steps to prevent and minimize possible harmful effects to the whistle blower. This policy is a best practice as it will encourage potential future whistle blowers to have the courage to address the injustices, as well as project a public image of justice to the person seeking ethical behavior in the organizations.
Steps to manage whistle blowing are effective in dealing with present as well as potential future incidents of corruption within an organization. If leadership in an organization takes a proactive stance towards whistle blowers, establishes and maintains policies that process present and future ethics issues, as well as addressing the potential negative harmful effects upon true whistle blowers, challenges concerning whistle blowers can be successfully overcome.