Tuberculosis is a dangerous contagious disease that kills millions of people world wide. It is spread through the air. This means that when a person with Tuberculosis coughs or sneezes, anyone who is near may inhales droplets that contain the Tuberculosis germ. If a person has a weakened immune system, the T.B germ can cause active Tuberculosis. The T.B germ can also develop into what is known as latent T.B. Latent T.B occurs when the T.B germ lies in body but does not cause active T.B symptoms. A person with latent T.B tests positive for tuberculosis test known as PPD. However the person is not infectious and cannot spread Tuberculosis. These are the steps you can take to avoid Tuberculosis infection
Things You’ll Need:
- PPD test
- Yearly physical examination
- T.B medications
1.Early diagnosis and treatment are the best way to avoid Tuberculosis. Make sure you have annual physicals examinations and PPD tests especially if you are a healthcare worker exposed to sick people.
2.If you have had a previous positive PPD but have not had an active diagnosis, you need to know that the latent T.B in your body can develop into active T.B. Educate yourself and know the signs and symptoms of active T.B so that if you ever notice them, you can seek medical help. If you have a weakened immune system due to chronic diseases such as HIV/AID’s, you need to also be careful because you are more prone to catching the disease. Attend regular screenings and also familiarize yourself with the signs and symptoms of T.B
3.If you develop active T.B, isolate yourself from the rest of your household members because you can easily spread the disease. Wear a surgical mask and stay in a separate room with doors closed. Contact health provider and inform them that you may have developed active T.B. You will be put on isolation for at least two weeks until sputum smears show decreasing T.B organisms. You will also be given T.B medications to take for six to nine months
Tips & Warnings
- Attend regular checkups when you are on Tuberculosis medications because the drugs can cause damage to the liver and even lead to other problems
- PPD stands for purified protein derivative
- Do not skip dosages even if you feel better as that could cause a drug resistant type ot T.B that is hard to treat.