Horses are relatively easy to train. They tend to be loving and eager to please when treated correctly but sometimes a horse is just bad mannered or is accidentally led into something.
Whether this is caused by irritation, pain or just plain meanness it is a habit that has to be solved and quickly. There are a few rules when trying to break your horse of biting.
1. Do NOT whatsoever hit the horse in the nose. This will eventually evolve into a game of can i bite and then dodge the blow.
2. Do not make a display of anger. This rewards the horse with a reaction.
Since you already know your horse is planning on biting you be sure that he is wearing a halter and a lead rope. When he does bite try to act as quickly as possible. Hit him lightly with the end of the rope and tug at his halter while giving a firm “No”.
Be sure the horse can actually hear you say no and try to hit the horse hard enough that he feels it but not hard enough to cause damage. A light sting is best. If you feel up to it try practicing a bit on your leg and then hit the horse slightly harder than you would hit yourself. Aim for about the same sting as a bee.
This should continue for perhaps five to ten times. If you ave a stubborn horse maybe a little longer, especially if the horse is an older one. The intervals between bites should grow longer and you may see him occasionally aim to bite you and then change his mind.
If you see this i have found that giving his halter a little tug and firmly saying “No” work quite well and tend to help the biting stop more quickly.
This is perhaps one of the most feared bad habits of horses. Once a horse figures out he can buck and get you off, especially if you put him away after this happens, the habit is stuck. However there are a few things that can be done.
Do NOT put the horse away after he bucks you off. Get back on and do the same thing again. This reinforces that getting you off of his back does not get him the reward of his pen or stall.
First depending on how often your horse bucks you can either expect the bucking to start immediately or you will have to wait for it.
The first case is easier to prepare for. Leave his halter on and tie his lead rope to the ring in the cinch. This should be directly between his legs. Tie the rope so he has full movement of his head but not enough so it drags the ground.
If possible try throwing a full grain bag on his saddle. If nothing else the movement and unfamiliar weight should cause him to buck. Try using an empty one that you filled with sand rather than a new one as the bag may break when it hits the ground. The rope should jerk him up when he tries to buck.
The next step is to get on his back with the same rope in place. When he bucks pull his head up. You can use the reins if you like but this may hurt his mouth. I personally prefer adding a hack-more along with the bit and pulling his head up that way but most people do not have the strength of arm for that. The horse can not buck if you have his head far enough up but be careful not to go up to high or he may rear. Simple repetition of this procedure of stopping him from bucking will result in him no longer trying to buck.
For a horse that only bucks occasionally when being ridden is somewhat harder. Mount and ride as you normally would but remember to stay on your guard as you ride. Most horses will tense up before actually starting to buck. This is a good warning so watch for that. When he first starts to buck pull his head up and give him a firm negative command. This should stop him from bucking just then. Repeat this until he stops bucking. Be warned that it may take several weeks and he will definitely buck at least once. Get back on after admonishing him and do it again.