Previously published in Examiner
Part 2 of the child abuse series
Americans, Canadians and Montrealers alike need a clear definition of child abuse?
There are many definitions of child abuse and there are definitions at the state and federal level:
Basically child abuse is anything that will in someway cause a child physical or mental harm. There are four separate categories for child abuse:
Physical abuse – hitting, choking, shaking, striking, burning, pinching anything to cause aggression or pain
Mental abuse – shaming and belittling the child and calling the child names etc.
Sexual abuse – intercourse, exposure of the genitals of child or adult, fondling, pornography, exposure to adult sexual activity, and violation of privacy
Neglect – failure to provide for a child’s needs, such as food, clothing, hygiene, failure to provide a nurturing environment, and failure to provide an education
What is the legal definition of parental child abuse in the USA?
The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) (42 U.S.C.A. §5106g), as amended by the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum:
• Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or
• An act or failure to act, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.
The Canadian government defines child abuse as:
“Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. There are four major categories of child abuse: physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect and emotional maltreatment.”
to be continued