A dyad is the smallest group of people, consisting of just two people. The connections between people in a dyad are significant to both members. Dyad’s are not stable because if one person leaves the group, voluntarily or involuntarily, it dissolves. A marriage is an example of a marriage.
A triad is a group of three people. Triads are slightly more stable than a dyad because if one person leaves then the group does not completely dissolve. A problem with a triad is that members can form alliances – called coalitions where two members work against the other. An example of a triad is a married couple and their child.
Twenty Statements Test
The twenty statements test was invented by the symbolic interactionist Manfred Kuhn, where the person taking the test is asked to give twenty answers to the question, “who am I?” The answers show’s ones sense of self. People use the Twenty Statements Test to reflect on themselves and see what their self image is. Answers can be physical descriptions, social roles, descriptive traits and abstract answers.
Feeling Rules are guidelines that direct how we should and should not feel emotions in different situations. The concept was developed by Arlie Hochschild . Feeling rules are a set of socially shared guidelines that direct how we want to try to feel and not to feel emotions according to given situations. The way in which we are expected to control our emotions is learned through socialization and varies from class, gender, etc. Five guidelines are appropriateness, what constitutes emotion, temporal rules, intensity, and rules about where to display emotion. An example of a feeling rule is if a person is at a funeral of one they despised, it is expected that they do not show these emotions and look as though they are mourning their loss.
Categorical Attitude is a type of thinking also known as abstract attitude. A person who is thinking about a situation can grasp the different smaller parts, while still understanding the situation as a whole. Certain mental health disorders can cause a person to not be able to move back and forth between smaller pieces and the whole. Categorical attitude can be compared to a person watching a basketball game who watches and understands each shot, and at the same time understands the point’s effect of the game.
Meme is a word coined by Richard Dawkins which explains cultural evolution and human behavior. Knowledge, in many different forms, is passed from one person to another. The ideas can spread, be changed and become extinct. The meme is compared to genetic evolution and genes. An example of a meme would be Christianity, which spread from a few people, and over many, many generations has become modified and passed along.
A stigmatized identity is an attribute that makes a person be seen as “not normal.” The trait can be physical, moral or mental. Stigma’s can sometimes be hid. Once a person acquires a stigma it is usually permanent, or very hard to remove. Sometimes, being labeled with a stigma can cause a person to acquire it, a self-fulfilling prophecy. People judge others with stigmas and may try to avoid situations in which they have to interact with them. An example of a stigmatized identity would be a person confined to a wheelchair. He/she is physically different from the majority of the population and what is considered normal. People may avoid interaction with this person because it makes them feel uncomfortable.
When a person’s actions or word’s goes against what is expected of them an account can be used as an explanation of their action. The account is designed to put a reason behind the action which would make it more acceptable. An example would be a person who comes in late to work and tells his/her boss that they were in a car accident.
Identity is a description of a persons most important characteristics. Parts of ones identity include what social groups one belongs to such as, race, gender and religion. Ones identity also consists of what traits and qualities we posses and what traits and qualities others see in us.