As of 2000, at least 171 million people world wide had some form of diabetes. That is 2.8% of the world population. In the United States, Type 2 diabetes is the most common for of diabetes.
There are three main types of diabetes:
Type One Diabetes is when a body fails to produce insulin and requires the person to have insulin injections.
Type Two Diabetes is a condition which cells fail to use insulin properly. Sometimes there is an absolute insulin deficiency. This condition may be controlled by medication.
The third type is Gestational Diabetes. This occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but have high blood glucose levels during pregnancy.
Pre-diabetes is the condition that occurs when a person’s blood glucose levels are higher then normal but not in the diabetes range.
There are other types of diabetes including congenital diabetes which is due to a genetic defect of insulin secretion. Also, cystic fibrosis related to diabetes and steroid diabetes induced by high does of glucocorticoids.
You are at a greater risk of Type Two Diabetes, if you are over 45 years old. If you have a family history of diabetes. If you are over weight and / or do not exercise regularly. You are at an increased risk if you have low HDL Cholesterol, high triglycerides or high blood pressure. If you had gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Also, you are at a greater risk if you have impaired glucose tolerance.
All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became available in 1921. Neither Type 1 & 2 diabetes are chronic conditions and usually can not be cured.
Symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination, increased thirst or hunger. Symptoms may develop rapidly in Type One Diabetes. With Type Two Diabetes symptoms develop slower and more subtle, sometimes no symptoms at all.
If you have prolonged untreated high blood glucose, it can lead to changes in the shape of the eye lenses causing vision changes. Blurred vision is a common complaint that leads to a Type One Diabetes diagnosis.
A common symptom that will lead to a Type Two Diabetes diagnosis is dehydration. Not everyone who is dehydrated has diabetes. It often happens when someone is drinking extreme amounts of sugar drinks, like soda. This can cause a cycle of water loss resulting in a high glucose readings.
You can prevent or delay type two diabetes through a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle should include a balanced diet, physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight.
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