A dog’s dietary needs are different depending on if they are a small or large breed. Small dog breeds require a special diet with adequate nutrition designed for small dogs in order for them to live a long and healthy life. Due to the size of small dog breeds, their body’s require a special balance of nutrients to promote their health. There are a wide variety of dog foods available for small dog breeds that provide small breeds with the level of nutrients they need. When choosing a food for your small dog breed, there are certain things you need to look for to ensure you are choosing the best food possible.
Why do small breeds require different nutrients?
Small dog breeds require a specialized nutrition because they have a much longer life span than larger dog breeds. In order for them to live this long life span, they need the correct food. Small dogs also require a special diet because their stomachs are so small, so food absorbs quickly. Their small stomach size, combined with a small dog’s high energy level cause them to need a diet adequate enough to keep them nourished while they quickly burn off their food.
High Energy and Immune Health
Because small dog breeds have high energy levels, they need a food that supports their energy level. A small dog needs amino acids, high amounts of protein, and adequate levels of fat to be included within their diet. Foods that contain these nutrients often include chicken, fish, and egg.
To support a small dog’s immune system, they need a diet that consists of antioxidants and vitamin E. These are essential for a small dog’s diet because they will increase their lifespan. Their diet should also include beta-carotene.
Because small dog breeds live longer than large dog breeds, it is vital they maintain dental health to last their lifespan. There are many foods available that cater to a dog’s dental health. Many foods can be found that reduce tarter build up and aid with keeping teeth clean and healthy.
Small dogs are notorious for being picky eaters. There are even food’s available for small dogs that are picky about what they eat. These foods often include natural animal products instead of artificial flavoring, which to a dog tastes much better. Due to their small size, small breeds often have difficulty chewing their food and prefer foods that are small and softer in texture. This makes the food much easier for a small dog to consume.
“Nutrition for Small Sized Dogs” 2005 petsmart.com
“Meals for Small Dogs” 2007 thedogdaily.com