Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a cerebral development disorder, whereby the child’s brain, especially some areas, develop following a different rhythm to other children’s brain. The ADHD is a serious problem affecting a significant amount of children (between 3 and 6%) and which may lead to great vital failure by people who nevertheless have many virtues and skills.
ADHD is chronic; goals of treatment involve managing symptoms, reducing hyperactivity and impulsivity, and increasing the child’s attention so that he or she can grow and develop normally. The most effective treatment combines pharmacotherapy with behavioral, psychosocial, and educational interventions (Pary et al. 2002).
Parenting strategies for home and school are crucial components of effective treatment of ADHD like the use of Therapeutic Play which is a play techniques are used to understand the child’s thoughts and feelings and to promote communication. This should not be confused with play therapy, a psychoanalytic technique used by psychiatrists. Creative play techniques can help children to express themselves, for example, by drawing pictures of themselves, their family and peers. These techniques are especially useful when children are unable or unwilling to express themselves verbally.
The nurturing behaviors of parents that predict social competence include affectionate and friendly interaction with the child; consideration for the child’s feelings, desires and needs; interest in the child’s daily activities; respect for the child’s points of view; expression of parental pride in the child’s accomplishments; and support and encouragement during times of stress in the child’s life. This is especially true with parenting children diagnosed with ADHD because of the simple fact that they need much attention and care. As parents, their efforts to raise ADHD diagnosed children should be focused modifying behaviors that affect progress and development so one grows up to be a holistic individual.
It has been scientifically proved that, as the child grows older, the symptoms of this disorder get better. Hyperactivity gradually gets diminished as the child reaches his teenage. Though, there are children who reach their teenage and yet have mood swings, lack of concentration and are impulsive. Such children also find it hard to have the task completed on time. However, it lies in the hands of parents, who, along with the doctor and the teachers must put in the best of their efforts to give the child, a bright chance of overcoming this disorder.
The most important thing necessary for the parents is patience. They must be patient enough to modify their home life so as to pay more attention to their child.
These interventions given below can be adapted to various settings:
• Ensuring safety by close supervision to ensure compliance and avoid injury.
• Improving role performance through positive feedback when he or she meets stated expectations. Doing so reinforces desired behaviors and gives the child a sense of accomplishment.
• Simplifying Instructions: Before beginning any task, adults must gain the child’s full attention. It is helful to face a child on his or her level and use good eye contact. As a parent, the child needs to be told what he or she needs to do with tasks broken into smaller steps.
• Promoting structured daily routine is helpful. The child will accomplish getting up, dressing, doing homework, playing, going to bed, and so forth much more readily if there is a routine time for these daily activities. Children with ADHD do not adjust to changes readily and are less likely to meet expectations it times for activities are arbitrary or differ from day to day.
Success for children with ADHD is defined in many ways and recognized based on a child’s ability to overcome challenges associated with the disorder. Following rules, getting along with family members, and interacting socially with peers at school are examples of behavior worth celebrating.
Becoming a parent can be one of the most exciting times of anyone’s life, and it can also be one of the most stressful. Therefore, it is important for parents with ADHD to realize that along with all of the stress and hard work of parenting come countless and immeasurable rewards.